化学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (15): 1611-1616.DOI: 10.6023/A12030018 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

激发态分子内质子转移(ESIPT)发色团修饰的树枝形聚合物合成及光物理研究

李鹏, 曾毅, 陈金平, 李迎迎, 李嫕   

  1. 光化学转换与功能材料重点实验室 中国科学院理化技术研究所 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2012-03-19 出版日期:2012-08-14 发布日期:2012-04-17
  • 通讯作者: 曾毅, 李嫕 E-mail:yili@mail.ipc.ac.cn; zengyi@mail.ipc.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21004072, 21002109, 21073215, 21173245)和科技部国家重点基础研究发展计划(No. 2010CB934500)资助.

Synthesis and Photophysical Study of Dendrimers Modified with ESIPT Chromophore

Li Peng, Zeng Yi, Chen Jinping, Li Yingying, Li Yi   

  1. Key Laboratory of Photochemical Conversion and Optoelectronic Materials, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190
  • Received:2012-03-19 Online:2012-08-14 Published:2012-04-17
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21004072, 21002109, 21073215, 21173245) and the National Basic Research Program (No. 2010CB934500).

设计合成了0~4代外围修饰激发态分子内质子转移(ESIPT)发色团的聚酰胺-胺树枝形聚合物G0~G4, 化合物结构经过IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR和MS表征. 稳态光谱研究表明, 树枝形聚合物在四氢呋喃溶液中形成了聚集体, 发色团酮式发光随着化合物代数增大呈先增加后减小的变化. 质子化树枝形聚合物G1-H~G4-H能溶于水, 并在水中形成20 nm左右的聚集体, 发色团在聚集体疏水区中构象受限, 仅发射酮式发光, 并且发光强度受树枝形聚合物分子大小的影响.

关键词: 聚酰胺-胺树枝形聚合物, 激发态分子内质子转移, 光物理

A series of excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) poly(amido amine) (PAMAM) dendrimers with 4-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)-3-hydroxyphenyl modified at the periphery were synthesized (G0—G4). Functionalization of PAMAM dendrimers was performed through the condensation reaction of dendrimer peripheral amine units and carboxylic groups in DMSO catalyzed by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethyllaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC). The structures of synthetic compounds G0—G4 were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and MS. The average functionalization extents of the peripheral amine groups were 99%, 88%, 80%, 83%, and 78% for G0—G4, respectively. The solubility of functionalized dendrimers is dramatically affected by peripheral groups and the dendritic backbone. Model compound dissolves in THF homogeneously, exhibiting enol emission only due to the freely intramolecular rotation and consequently few ESIPT process occurrence. On the contrary, dendrimers form aggregates in THF and present keto emission of ESIPT chromophores, which increases with the dendrimer generation increasing from 0 to 2 and decreases in generation 3 and 4, indicating that the emission of ESIPT chromophores is affected by the PAMAM backbone and peripheral units. From G0 to G2, the increasing congestion of aggregates restrains the intramolecular rotation of ESIPT chromophores, which facilitates the ESIPT process and results in more keto emission. However, a considerable enol emission presents in G3 and G4 because larger dendritic backbone provides more free space and higher polarity microenvironment. The protonated dendrimers, G1-H—G4-H, are soluble in water and form aggregates with a diameter of ca. 20 nm demonstrated by dynamic light scattering experiments. TEM image of aggregates was also obtained revealing vesicle like assemblies. The absorption of ESIPT groups is not affected by protonation of dendritic backbones giving typical absorption of the ESIPT chromophore. The ESIPT chromophore exhibits keto emission exclusively due to the restricted conformation by confined aggregation microenvironments in water, and the emission intensity is slightly affected by dendritic backbones. The lower emission intensity of G4-H can be attributed to the loose microenvironment in the G4-H assembly caused by the larger and flexible dendrimer backbone.

Key words: PAMAM dendrimer, excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT), photophysics