Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (8): 639-648.DOI: 10.6023/A16040172 Previous Articles     Next Articles



万伦a,b, 张漫波b, 王京霞a, 江雷a   

  1. a 中国科学院理化技术研究所 仿生智能界面实验室 北京 100190;
    b 湖南师范大学化学化工学院 化学生物学和中药分析教育部重点实验室 长沙 410081
  • 投稿日期:2016-04-07 发布日期:2016-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 张漫波, 王京霞;
  • 基金资助:

    项目受中国科学技术部(No. 2016YFA0200803)及国家自然科学基金(Nos. 51373183,91127029,21074139,50973117)资助.

Research Progress of the Metal-based Photonic Crystals

Wan Luna,b, Zhang Manbob, Wang Jingxiaa, Jiang Leia   

  1. a Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    b Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology & Traditional Chinese Medicine Research Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081
  • Received:2016-04-07 Published:2016-08-10
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the China funding (No. 2016YFA0200803) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51373183, 91127029, 21074139, 50973117).

Metal-based photonic crystals (PCs), which provide a unique optic-electric properties based on its intrinsic characteristic, is of great significance for the applications in the field of new energy system, such as solar cells, water electrolysis, light emitting diode (LED), etc. This article reviews the research progress of the metal-based PC, including the fabrication method, property investigation and the relative applications. Metal-based PCs are generally fabricated from the building blocks of metal, metal oxide or their composites materials. The fabrication method refers to the bottom up and top down approach. Bottom up approach covers the self-assembly of the metal nanoparticles directly or infiltrating the nanoparticles into the opal template and the subsequent removal of the template toward the metal-based inverse opals. Top down approach refers to the lithography and deposition. The lithography approach includes laser lithography, reaction ion etching, etc. And the deposition method covers physical vapor deposition, atomic layer deposition, pulsed laser deposition, etc. Furthermore, the metal-based PCs demonstrate many excellent properties based on the combination of the light manipulation property of PCs and the intrinsic property of the metal materials. For example, the materials showed surface-enhanced Raman effect, which can provide special optic signal and demonstrate the application in high-sensitive detecting of organic molecules. The combination of Plasmon effect of metal particles and photonic stopband of the PCs can improve the emission intensity, which is significant for the application in high efficient detecting of special material. Otherwise, the stopband of metal-based PCs is beneficial for the improvement of the optic adsorbent property and photoluminescence property. Furthermore, the combination of metal materials and its suitable stopband can amplify its optic-electronic property, sensing property and the optic-catalytic behavior. Finally, the potential applications of metal-based PCs on the new energy system is put forward. Typically, it was used as optic-electric materials in solar cell, water electrolysis, and high efficient LED. This review will provide an important insight for the new energy development and potential utilization.

Key words: photonic crystal, metal-based, preparation, property, application