Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2018, Vol. 76 ›› Issue (4): 303-310.DOI: 10.6023/A18010026 Previous Articles     Next Articles



卞磊a,b, 李炜a,b, 魏振振a,b, 刘晓威a,b, 李松a,b   

  1. a 华中科技大学 能源与动力工程学院 煤燃烧国家重点实验室 武汉 430074;
    b 深圳华中科技大学研究院 深圳 518057
  • 投稿日期:2018-01-16 发布日期:2018-03-23
  • 通讯作者: 李松
  • 基金资助:


Formaldehyde Adsorption Performance of Selected Metal-Organic Frameworks from High-throughput Computational Screening

Bian Leia,b, Li Weia,b, Wei Zhenzhena,b, Liu Xiaoweia,b, Li Songa,b   

  1. a State Key Laboratory of Coal Combustion, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074;
    b Shenzhen Research Institute of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518057
  • Received:2018-01-16 Published:2018-03-23
  • Contact: 10.6023/A18010026
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51606081) and Basic Research Foundation of Shenzhen (No. JCYJ20160506170043770).

With the rapidly increasing number of reported metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), conventional trial-and-error method is obviously not applicable to the development of high-performance MOFs for formaldehyde adsorption, due to its low efficiency, high cost and long developing period. Thus, high-throughput computational screening (HTCS) strategy based on grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulation is proposed to quickly explore the top-performing MOFs with high adsorption capability towards formaldehyde. In this work, the computation-ready experimental (CoRE)-MOF database consisting of 2932 MOF structures carrying density derived electrostatic and chemical (DDEC) charges obtained from density function (DFT) theory calculations, were employed in high-throughput GCMC simulations for formaldehyde adsorption from the air. The structure-property relationship from HTCS revealed that the MOF candidates with high formaldehyde uptakes exhibited small pore sizes, relatively high selectivity and moderate heat of adsorption (Qst). Afterwards, the top MOFs with both high uptake and selectivity towards formaldehyde were chosen for further experimental evaluation. Three selected MOFs Y-BTC, ZnCar and Ni-BIC were successfully synthesized and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and BET surface area analysis. In order to validate our HTCS strategy, the representative Cu-BTC and activated carbon (AC) were also adopted as controls. The formaldehyde adsorption test was performed in a sealed container with the formaldehyde concentration of 100 mg/m3 at 298 K. After 24 h adsorption, the formaldehyde uptakes of the adsorbents were obtained according to the concentration changes prior to and after formaldehyde exposure by UV-vis spectrometer. It was found that the adsorption capacities of Y-BTC, ZnCar and Ni-BIC were 0.38, 0.25 and 0.11 mol/kg, respectively, which were remarkably higher than Cu-BTC (0.08 mol/kg) and AC (0.06 mol/kg). The recyclability of the best performer Y-BTC was also verified. These findings open up the possibility of employing HTCS strategy for highly efficient exploration of MOF adsorbents for formaldehyde removal.

Key words: metal-organic frameworks, high-throughput computational screening, formaldehyde adsorption, grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations, recyclability