Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 79 ›› Issue (2): 146-157.DOI: 10.6023/A20090412 Previous Articles     Next Articles



詹溯1, 章福祥1,*()   

  1. 1 中国科学院大连化学物理研究所 大连 116023
  • 投稿日期:2020-09-07 发布日期:2020-12-01
  • 通讯作者: 章福祥
  • 作者简介:

    詹溯, 2017年于大连海事大学载运工具运用工程专业获得工学博士学位, 2018年加入中国科学院大连化学物理研究所章福祥课题组, 目前主要研究方向为常温常压光电催化合成氨.

    章福祥, 中国科学院大连化物所研究员/博导; 国家杰出青年基金获得者; 英国皇家化学会会士. 1999和2004年分别获得南开大学理学学士学位和博士学位, 同年留校任教至2007年8月, 2007年9月至2008年6月获法国CNRS博士后基金支持于巴黎第六大学做访问学者, 2008年7月至2011年9月在东京大学做博士后和特任助理教授, 2011年10月至今在中国科学院大连化学物理研究所工作. 目前主要从事宽光谱捕光催化剂全分解水制氢研究, 研究内容涉及宽光谱捕光光催化材料设计合成, 高效光生电荷分离体系构建以及光催化表面/界面反应机制等方面. 已在包括Nat. Commun., Nature Catal., Joule, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., Adv. Mater., Adv. Energy Mater.等刊物上发表学术论文百余篇.

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21633009); 国家自然科学基金(21925206); 国家自然科学基金(21902159)

Recent Progress on Electrocatalytic Synthesis of Ammonia Under Amibent Conditions

Su Zhan1, Fuxiang Zhang1,*()   

  1. 1 Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
  • Received:2020-09-07 Published:2020-12-01
  • Contact: Fuxiang Zhang
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(21633009); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21925206); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21902159)

Ammonia is not only an important chemical for fertilizer and industrial chemical, but also an ideal carrier of clean energy. Current ammonia synthesis is mainly based on Haber-Bosch process that suffers from some problems such as high energy consumption, low conversion and large amount of greenhouse gas emission, so the solar ammonia synthesis from N2 and H2O has recently attracted extensive attention. However, both conversion and Faradaic efficiency via the solar-based catalysis have been still retarded by poor surface catalysis process. Accordingly, development of efficient electrocatalysts for N2 reduciton reaction (NRR) as well as their coupling with photoadsorbers is highly desirable. The recent research progress in the following areas is summarized in this review: i) main electrocatalysts for NRR, including thermal catalyst, transition metal catalyst, noble metal catalyst and non-noble metal catalyst, ii) typical strategies to improve the NRR performance and iii) other routes using different nitrogen sources such as NO3 and NO. Finally, the remaining challenges and perspectives will be outlined.

Key words: ammonia synthesis, electrocatalysis, reduction of nitrogen, solar energy conversion, NO3– reduction, NO reduction