Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 79 ›› Issue (8): 967-985.DOI: 10.6023/A21040173 Previous Articles     Next Articles



郭彩霞, 马小杰*(), 王博*()   

  1. 北京理工大学 化学与化工学院 北京 100081
  • 投稿日期:2021-04-22 发布日期:2021-05-26
  • 通讯作者: 马小杰, 王博
  • 作者简介:

    郭彩霞, 北京理工大学硕士研究生. 2018年本科毕业于山东师范大学, 现于北京理工大学攻读硕士学位. 主要研究领域为MOF复合材料的制备及光催化性能.

    马小杰, 北京理工大学化学与化工学院预聘助理教授, 于兰州大学化学与化工学院取得本科与硕士学位, 中科院化学研究所获得博士学位. 主要从事多孔材料的环境催化研究工作.

    王博, 北京理工大学化学与化工学院教授, 2004年于北京大学化学与分子工程学院获理学学士学位, 2006年于美国密歇根大学获化学材料学硕士学位, 2008年于美国加州大学洛杉矶分校获化学材料学博士学位. 王博教授主要从事新型纳米多孔材料、开放框架聚合物理论与设计及其在关键分离过程、环境防护等领域的应用研究.

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21625102); 国家自然科学基金(21801017); 国家自然科学基金(21490570); 国家自然科学基金(21674012); 北京市科委科技计划项目(Z181100004418001); 北京理工大学科研基金项目资助

Metal-organic Frameworks-based Composites and Their Photothermal Applications

Caixia Guo, Xiaojie Ma(), Bo Wang()   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2021-04-22 Published:2021-05-26
  • Contact: Xiaojie Ma, Bo Wang
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(21625102); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21801017); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21490570); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21674012); Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Project(Z181100004418001); Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a growing class of organic-inorganic hybrid crystalline porous materials, showing high levels of structural and chemical diversity. They have a wide range of applications in gas adsorption and separation, catalysis, sensing, biomedicine and other fields. Due to their intriguing properties such as high porosity, adjustable pore size and tunable surface functionality, MOFs have been gaining popularity as a promising platform for integration of various organic/inorganic functional nanomaterials in a predictable and controllable way. The combination of MOFs and functional components offers a possibility to generate synergetic effect between functional units, thus leading to the creation of multifunctional materials with performance superior to each individual components. In this review, we summarized recent research progress on controllable synthesis of MOF composites. There are basically two strategies, including “bottle in ship” and “ship in bottle”. Following that, preparation methods including solution infiltration, deposition, solid grinding and template synthesis, were discussed in detail. Light-to-heat conversion materials have always been a research focus due to their important applications in solar powered water evaporation and near-infrared (NIR) excited bioimaging and noninvasive cancer treatment. MOFs can not only show intrinsic structure-dependent photoresponse activity, but also serve as porous supports to facilitate the stabilization and spatial distribution of photothermal nanoparticles. Recently, MOF composites with photothermal effects have aroused increasing attention in the fields like tumor diagnosis and treatment, bacterial disinfection and synergistic catalysis. This review mainly focused on the recent research progress on photothermal MOF composites. We discussed the integration of functional MOFs with various inorganic/organic photothermal nanoparticles (e.g. Au, Pt, porphyrin, polydopamine etc.), along with the structure and photothermal application of the composites. Research about MOFs based light-to-heat conversion is at the stage of rapid development. Finally, we also give a prospect to the future development of multifunctional and photothermal MOF composites.

Key words: metal-organic framework, composite material, photothermal effect, tumor treatment, synergistic catalysis