有机化学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 273-283.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201409012 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

生物质平台分子γ-戊内酯的研究进展

杨珍, 傅尧, 郭庆祥   

  1. 中国科学技术大学化学系 安徽省生物质洁净能源重点实验室 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-07 修回日期:2014-11-09 出版日期:2015-02-25 发布日期:2014-12-08
  • 通讯作者: 傅尧, 郭庆祥 E-mail:fuyao@ustc.edu.cn;qxguo@ustc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划, No. 2012CB215305)、国家自然科学基金(Nos. 21325208, 21172209)、教育部中央高校基本科研业务费(No. WK2060190025)、高等学校博士点基金(No. 20123402130008)和霍英东教育基金资助项目.

Recent Progress in the Studies of Biomass Platform Molecule γ-Velerolactone

Yang Zhen, Fu Yao, Guo Qingxiang   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Biomass Clean Energy, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026
  • Received:2014-09-07 Revised:2014-11-09 Online:2015-02-25 Published:2014-12-08
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, No. 2012CB215305), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21325208, 21121172209), the Foundational Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. WK2060190025), the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (No. 20123402130008) and the Fok Ying Tung Education Foundation.

生物质是自然界存量丰富的可再生资源. 随着化石资源的日渐枯竭, 由生物质制备燃料和化学品引起人们关注. 把生物质转化为燃料和化学品通常经过生物质平台分子步骤. 在众多生物质平台分子中, γ-戊内酯(GVL)具有广泛的用途, 有关γ-戊内酯的合成和转化的研究成为一个热点课题. 由木质纤维素制备GVL已经开发出多种催化体系, 将GVL转化为燃料、化学品以及高分子材料也有大量文献报道. 着重从不同的原料、催化体系归纳GVL的合成路线和方法, 为探索高效、经济、绿色、可持续的GVL合成途径提供思路, 并对GVL的高效转化的研究加以总结, 为发展新的转化技术, 拓展应用范围提供参考.

关键词: 木质纤维素, γ-戊内酯, 催化体系, 燃料, 生物质基化学品, 高分子材料

Lignocellulosic biomass is an abundant and renewable resource of carbon that allows the production of versatile and viable chemicals and fuels. Various processes have been developed for the conversion of biomass and its derivatives into platform molecules. Among these molecules, γ-valerolactone (GVL) is widely used because of its high stability, low toxicity and low volatility. GVL is an ideal precursor for the production of fuels and value-added chemicals. Up to now, various catalysts and reaction systems have been developed for the production of GVL from biomass, and many processes for the conversion GVL into fuels and chemicals have also been reported. In this paper, the different feedstocks including levulinic acid (LA), levulinate esters and other compounds for the production of GVL, as well as the catalytic systems including homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts for the hydrogenation of LA to GVL using H2 gas or formic acid (FA) as hydrogen source are summarized. The conversion of GVL into fuels, chemicals and polymers is reviewed.

Key words: lignocellulosic biomass, γ-valerolactone, catalytic system, fuels, chemicals, polymers