有机化学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 11-28.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201709009 上一篇    下一篇

所属专题: 庆祝吴养洁院士九十华诞专辑

综述与进展

芳香性:历史与发展

华煜晖a,b, 张弘b, 夏海平a,b   

  1. a 厦门大学能源材料化学协同创新中心 厦门 361005;
    b 厦门大学化学化工学院 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-08 修回日期:2017-09-29 出版日期:2018-01-25 发布日期:2017-10-11
  • 通讯作者: 张弘, 夏海平 E-mail:hpxia@xmu.edu.cn;zh@xmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(Nos.21390400,21672217,21521002)资助项目.

History and Development

Hua Yuhuia,b, Zhang Hongb, Xia Haipinga,b   

  1. a Collaborative Innovation Center of Chemistry for Energy Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005;
    b College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005
  • Received:2017-09-08 Revised:2017-09-29 Online:2018-01-25 Published:2017-10-11
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201709009 E-mail:hpxia@xmu.edu.cn;zh@xmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21390400, 21672217, 21521002).

芳香性是有机化学领域的重要概念,芳香性化合物通常具有特殊的稳定性.探究分子的芳香性不仅可以帮助我们更好地理解其稳定的本质,还可以预测和构建稳定或去稳定的分子骨架.开展芳香性研究,必须从芳香性的内涵与判定方法入手.主要介绍芳香性的起源、定义、相关的理论和实验判据,并将芳香性加以分类,以实例进一步分析芳香性的研究方法和研究内容.

关键词: 芳香性, 反芳香性, 定义, 判据, 分类

Aromaticity is one of the most fundamental concept in organic chemistry. Aromatic compounds generally present special thermodynamic stability. Research on aromaticity can help us to understand the stability essence of aromatic compounds, and thus enables the further prediction and construction of species with stabilization or destablization. The endless richness of aromaticity researches usually originates the nature and criterion of aromaticity. The main emphasis of this review is on a discussion of historical discoveries, definitions and classification of aromaticity-related structural types, as well as various theoretically and experimentally criterions. Furthermore, this review contains the recent development of aromaticity illustrated by recent representative examples.

Key words: aromaticity, anti-aromaticity, definition, criterion, classification