Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 611-616.DOI: 10.6023/A15010077 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 共价有机多孔聚合物



孙立波, 梁志强, 于吉红   

  1. 吉林大学无机合成与制备化学国家重点实验室 长春 130012
  • 投稿日期:2015-01-29 发布日期:2015-03-27
  • 通讯作者: 梁志强, 于吉红;
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金项目(Nos. 91122029, 21471064)和科技部973项目(No. 2011CB808703)资助.

One-pot Suzuki-Heck Reaction to Construct Luminescent Microporous Organic Polymers Based on 4-Vinylphenylbororic Acid

Sun Libo, Liang Zhiqiang, Yu Jihong   

  1. State Key Lab of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012
  • Received:2015-01-29 Published:2015-03-27
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 91122029 and 21471064) and the State Basic Project of China (No. 2011CB808703).

In recent years the increasing needs of applications have promoted the evolution of porous organic materials (POPs), which can be constructed by copolymerization of organic monomers based on topology chemistry. The advantages of these materials such as excellent physical and chemical stability, low framework density, various structure features, have made them good candidates in gas storage and separation, catalysis, sensors and so on. In this work, a one-pot synthetic strategy has been developed to construct a series of luminescent microporous organic polymers (LMOPs) by the palladium catalyzed Suzuki-Heck cascade coupling reactions of 4-vinylphenylboronic acid with aromatic halides, such as tetrakis(4-bromophenyl)-methane (TBPM), tris(4-iodophenyl)amine (TIPA), 1,1,2,2-tetrakis(4-bromophenyl)ethene (TBPE) and 2,4,6-tris(4-bromophenyl)-1,3,5-triazine (TBPT). Through the optimized conditions, the Pd(OAc)2/(o-tol)3P catalyst exhibits the highest efficiency in such a system. The FTIR measurements combined with the solid state 13C NMR are employed to confirm the existence of the resultant functional groups, which further proves the success of such polymerization. The resultant materials show porous features with the N2 adsorption-desorption measurements, with the BET surface areas ranging from 274 to 552 m2·g-1. Furthermore, with the incorporation of vinyl groups, the polymers exhibit visible luminescent feature from blue to yellow. Considering the emission behaviours of these polymers, the selective quenching toward picric acid is studied with the comparison of other nitroaromatic analytes. The results show that LMOP-11 has the highest sensing ability among these polymers. LMOP-12 shows excellent reusable ability towards picric acid. Such a one-pot method for the preparation of aromatic halides with 4-vinylboronic acid provides a simple and efficient synthetic mean to produce luminescent microporous organic framework that could be used in the selective sensing of explosives.

Key words: Suzuki-Heck reaction, 4-vinylphenylbororic acid, luminescent, porous organic polymers, detection