Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 557-578.DOI: 10.6023/A15020106 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 共价有机多孔聚合物


光电多孔共价有机材料的研究进展 2017 Awarded

万刚, 付宇昂, 郭佳宁, 向中华   

  1. 有机无机复合材料国家重点实验室 分子能源材料研发中心 北京化工大学 北京 100029
  • 投稿日期:2015-02-11 发布日期:2015-04-13
  • 通讯作者: 向中华
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家高技术研究发展计划(No. 863计划, 2012AA101809)、北京化工大学人才科研启动(No. buctrc201420)、有机无机复合材料国家重点实验室人才培育(Nos. OIC201403003, OIC201503002)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(No. ZY1508)资助.

Photoelectronic Porous Covalent Organic Materials: Research Progress and Perspective

Wan Gang, Fu Yu'ang, Guo Jianing, Xiang Zhonghua   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, Molecular Energy Materials R&D Center, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029
  • Received:2015-02-11 Published:2015-04-13
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Hi-tech R&D Program of China (No. 863 Program, 2012AA101809), the Start-up fund for talent introduction of Beijing University of Chemical Technology (No. buctrc201420), Talent cultivation of State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites (Nos. OIC201403003, OIC201503002) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (ZY1508).

Porous covalent organic materials (COM) are a class of multi-dimensional and multi-functional porous materials, which are built via covalent bond of colorful organic building blocks. COM materials possess inherent optimized pore size allowing ion migration, and high specific surface area, providing the possibility of formation of an electrostatic charge-separation layer, a conjugated system resulting in light-harvesting properties and a highly ordered structure, enabling the formation of conductive paths. In this review, we summary the applications on semiconductor, photolysis of water, solar cell, oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cell, lithium-ion/sulfur battery basing on COM materials. Meanwhile, we also propose the design strategy for photoelectronic materials. Although the development of COMs as photoelectronic materials is still in its infancy, COM materials has being attracting ever-increasing attention and open a new window in this field.

Key words: covalent organic frameworks, covalent organic polymers, semiconductor, photolysis of water, solar cell, oxygen reduction reaction, lithium ion battery, supercapacitor