Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (10): 1024-1030.DOI: 10.6023/A19050191 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 分子探针、纳米生物学与生命分析化学



马超, 武佳炜, 朱琳, 韩晓霞, 阮伟东, 宋薇*(), 王旭*(), 赵冰   

  1. 吉林大学理论化学研究所 超分子结构与材料国家重点实验室 长春 130012
  • 投稿日期:2019-05-23 发布日期:2019-07-22
  • 通讯作者: 宋薇,王旭;
  • 基金资助:

Trace Detection of Rhodamine B in Infant Candy by g-C3N4/Ag Nanocomposite as Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Substrate

Ma, Chao, Wu, Jiawei, Zhu, Lin, Han, Xiaoxia, Ruan, Weidong, Song, Wei*(), Wang, Xu*(), Zhao, Bing   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, Institute of Theoretical Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2019-05-23 Published:2019-07-22
  • Contact: Song, Wei,Wang, Xu;
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21473068);Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21711540292);Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21773080);the Jilin Province Science and Technology Development Plan Project(20180101295JC)

In recent years, food safety problems caused by illegal additions in infant foods have received widespread attention. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique is used to rapidly and non-destructively detect the banned RhB that is usually added in food. In this study, we have prepared g-C3N4/Ag composites via a simple method successfully, their morphology and structure were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), fluorescence spectrophotometer and confocal micro-Raman spectrometer (Raman). The g-C3N4 nanosheet possesses good adsorption performance due to its highly delocalized π-conjugated system, which acts as a carrier for Ag nanoparticles. Therefore, Ag nanoparticles are more uniformly and stably distributed on the surface of g-C3N4 nanosheets to form g-C3N4/Ag nanocomposite, which can be used for rapid adsorption and trace detection of RhB. In the experiment, the pH of the test and the absorbed time between the substrate and RhB were optimized. The influence of pH on the SPR of the substrate and the SERS intensity of the probe molecule were investigated in detail. As g-C3N4/Ag nanocomposite shows a significant higher absorption in the visible region around 500 nm than Ag nanoparticles, g-C3N4/Ag nanocomposite is more favorable for SPR absorption. A wide SPR absorption range is achieved due to the synergy between g-C3N4 and Ag nanoparticles, providing an improved SERS enhancement performance. Under the optimal experimental conditions by using RhB as probe molecule, an enhancement factor of 7.6×10 5 is achieved. Due to the electrostatic interaction and π-π interaction between the substrate and the probe molecules, the substrate can enrich in a large amount of cationic dyes, offering a detection of RhB. The g-C3N4/Ag SERS substrate can be used to detect RhB with a linear relationship from 1.0×10 –9 to 1.0×10 –6 mol/L and a detection limit as low as 0.39 nmol/L. In addition, the g-C3N4/Ag nanocomposite SERS substrate can also detect trace amounts of RhB molecules in the commercially available rainbow lollipops with a high sensitivity, and the recovery were 93.6%~95.04%. In summary, the g-C3N4/Ag nanocomposite is not only a SERS substrate with high sensitivity, uniformity and stability, but also can be used as a rapid trace detection method of Rhodamine B in real food and environment.

Key words: surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), g-C3N4/Ag nanocomposites, Rhodamine B, candy, trace detection