Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 81 ›› Issue (4): 381-392.DOI: 10.6023/A23010013 Previous Articles     Next Articles



韩明亮a,b,*(), 徐丽华b   

  1. a 浙江大学 化学工程与生物工程学院 杭州 310027
    b 杭州中美华东制药有限公司 杭州 310005
  • 投稿日期:2023-01-17 发布日期:2023-03-03
  • 作者简介:

    韩明亮, 2018年博士毕业于南开大学, 获有机化学博士学位. 2019年至2021年在上海药物所(和深圳大学合作)从事博士后研究, 2021年进入浙江大学(和杭州中美华东制药有限公司合作)从事博士后研究. 主要从事功能性有机小分子化合物的设计、合成, 以及过渡金属催化的硫酯的有机合成方法研究.

Progress on the Transition Metal-catalyzed Cross-coupling Reaction of Thioesters

Mingliang Hana,b,*(), Lihua Xub   

  1. a College of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027
    b Hangzhou Zhongmei Huadong Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, Hangzhou 310005
  • Received:2023-01-17 Published:2023-03-03
  • Contact: * E-mail:; Tel.: 13102005875

Thioesters with intriguing chemistry and reactivity are widely used in pharmaceuticals, pesticides, perfume & flavors and materials. Thioesters are versatile building blocks in organic synthesis and are also often employed as electrophilic acylating reagents in substitution reactions, such as Corey-Nicolaou macrolactonizations and native chemical ligation for peptide connection. Thioesters can be easily obtained from direct thioesterification of carboxylic acids with various thiol sources. Whereas more efforts have been made to develop new reactions employing thioesters, their application in organic synthesis is rare compared with other carboxylic acid derivatives. Transition-metal-catalyzed C—S bond activation paves a new avenue to exploit thioester. Many new transformations have been developed, including reduction to aldehydes, decarbonylation to thioethers, addition to unsaturated bonds, and cross-coupling of thioesters with organometallic reagents. Compared with other carboxylic acid derivatives, thioesters are stable but reactive and could undergo the oxidative addition of C(O)—S to low-valent transition-metal species, generating the C(O)—M—S. Transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of thioesters have been extensively studied in the last two decades, and providing alternative and efficient ways to construct C—C bonds. Despite the reaction between thioester and selected organometallic reagents to furnish ketones, thioesters could also be employed as decarbonylative coupling electrophiles. The advances in transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of thioesters are summarized in this review, which is presented by the categories of transition metals including Pd, Ni, Cu and Rh. Simultaneously, synthetic applications of transition-metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction of thioesters in nature products and pharmaceuticals are discussed. Attention is also paid to the asymmetric cross-coupling reaction of thioesters reported in recent years, the application of cross-coupling reaction of thioesters in tandem reactions and functional group transformations.

Key words: thioester, carboxylic acid derivative, transition-metal-catalysis, cross-coupling reaction, decarbonylation