化学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (11): 1161-1166.DOI: 10.6023/A15070505 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

PEDOT基光子晶体的制备及其电致变色性能研究

秦咪咪, 李昕, 郑一平, 张焱, 李从举   

  1. 北京服装学院材料科学与工程学院 服装材料研究开发与评价北京市重点实验室 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-21 出版日期:2015-11-15 发布日期:2015-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 李昕 E-mail:clylx@bift.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受北京市教委科技重点项目(No. KZ201410012017)、国家自然科学基金面上项目(No. 20974005)及北京服装学院科学研究提升计划培育项目(No. 2014AL-04)的资助.

Preparation and Electrochromic Property of PEDOT CompoundPhotonic Crystals

Qin Mimi, Li Xin, Zheng Yiping, Zhang Yan, Li Congju   

  1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Clothing Materials R&D and Assessment, School of Material Science & Engineering, Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology, Beijing 100029
  • Received:2015-07-21 Online:2015-11-15 Published:2015-09-15
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by Scientific and Technology Key Project of Beijing Educational Committee (No. KZ201410012017), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20974005) and Training Program of the Scientific Research Promotion Plan of Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology (No. 2014AL-04).

采用改进的Stöber法合成了单分散SiO2微球, 通过垂直沉积组装成蛋白石结构光子晶体. 再使用电化学法在组装的SiO2微球表面生成聚(3,4-乙撑二氧噻吩)(PEDOT), 得到核-壳结构的SiO2@PEDOT光子晶体复合膜. 测试了SiO2@PEDOT光子晶体薄膜的反射光谱、循环伏安曲线、多电位紫外反射光谱、对比度及响应时间等光学、电化学及电致变色性能. 结果表明, 该光子晶体薄膜在变色时颜色亮丽, 其色差值(26.82)比纯PEDOT薄膜(18.07)提高很多, 并且最大对比度可达39.8%, 高于纯PEDOT薄膜的27.4%, 同时响应时间变快. 此实验结果说明将光子晶体结构引入导电聚合物中, 能够提高其电致变色性能.

关键词: 聚(3,4-乙撑二氧噻吩), 二氧化硅, 核-壳结构, 光子晶体, 电致变色

PEDOT is a kind of promising intrinsical conductive polymer because of the high chemical and electrochemical stability, low band gap, high conductivity, and excellent transparency in the doped state. It has been investigated in many diverse research fields such as basic polymer science, material science, electrochemistry, electronics and optoelectronics, photovoltaics, corrosion protection, and biosensors. However, the electrochromic devices based on PEDOT exist some drawbacks including low contrast, single color and long response time, which is harmful for practical application. Photonic crystals have drawn a lot of attention due to the possibility to control light propagation. We use silica to assemble the photonic crystals in this paper. Firstly, monodisperse silica particles were prepared by the modified Stöber method, and then the SiO2 opal film was obtained by a vertical deposition self-assembly method. Then, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was coated outside the SiO2 opal template via electrochemical methods, and finally the core-shell structured SiO2@PEDOT photonic crystal films were obtained. The properties of SiO2@PEDOT were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), reflection spectra, cycle voltammograms, contrast and response time. The SEM and TEM results show that the SiO2 microsphere arranged in the form of hexagonal close packing, and the SiO2@PEDOT has spherical core-shell structure with a rough surface. The diameter of the SiO2 core is 330 nm, and the thickness of PEDOT shell is about 15 nm. Cycle voltammograms indicate that the electrochemical property of SiO2@PEDOT film is better than the pure PEDOT film. And the chromatic difference analysis of SiO2@PEDOT film (28.62) is better than PEDOT film (18.07), too. Through the UV reflectance spectra, contrast and response time measurements, it is found that the color of the SiO2@PEDOT film is bright and vibrant with a maximal contrast of 39.8%, which is superior to that of the pure PEDOT film (27.4%), and its response speed is also faster. The oxidation time and the reduction time of SiO2@PEDOT film is 1.3 s and 1.2 s, for PEDOT film, it is 2.0 s and 1.3 s respectively. All the results indicate that it is an effective method to improve the electrochromic properties of conducting polymers by introducing the photonic crystal structures.

Key words: poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene), silica, core-shell structure, photonic crystal, electrochromism