### 轴向卤离子配位调控金属冠醚铽(III)配合物的慢磁弛豫行为

1. 中山大学化学学院 生物无机与合成化学教育部重点实验室 广州 510275
• 投稿日期:2020-03-19 发布日期:2020-04-21
• 通讯作者: 贾建华, 童明良 E-mail:jiajh3@mail.sysu.edu.cn; tongml@mail.sysu.edu.cn
• 基金资助:
项目受国家自然科学基金（Nos.21771198，21620102002）、广东省自然科学基金（No.2017A030313059）、广州市科技计划项目珠江科技新星专题（No.201806010192）和高校基本科研业务费（No.19lgyjs31）资助.

### Modulation of Slow Magnetic Relaxation for Tb(III)-Metallacrown Complexes by Controlling Axial Halide Coordination

Wan Rui-Chen, Wu Si-Guo, Liu Jun-Liang, Jia Jian-Hua, Huang Guo-Zhang, Li Quan-Wen, Tong Ming-Liang

1. Key Laboratory of Bioinorganic and Synthetic Chemistry of Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275
• Received:2020-03-19 Published:2020-04-21
• Supported by:
Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21771198, 21620102002), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2017A030313059), the Science and Technology Plan of Guangzhou (No. 201806010192) and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities (No. 19lgyjs31)

Single-molecule magnets (SMMs), exhibiting magnetic bistability and slow magnetization relaxation, have fascinated scientific community for their promising applications in data storage and information processing. Great development has been achieved in lanthanide-based SMMs due to the unquenched orbital momentum and strong anisotropy of lanthanide ions. According to the crystal-field theory, the magnetic anisotropy of lanthanide ions arises from crystal-field splitting. Appropriate arrangement of coordination environment of lanthanide ion (including the local symmetry as well as the charge distribution) is key to design high-performance SMMs. However, it still remains a huge challenge to generate lanthanide-containing compounds with certain coordination environment. Taking advantage of metallacrown (MC) approach, herein a series of 3d-4f complexes {TbNi5X2} (X=F, Cl, Br) were successfully isolated via solvothermal reactions. To obtain these complexes, a mixture of stoichiometric metal salt and quinaldichdroxamic acid with excess of pyridine derivative was dissolved in methanol and then heated at 75℃ for 2 d. X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis indicated that the Tb(III) site equatorially coordinates with[15-MCNi(II)-5], whilst is axially capped by halide ions. As a result, the lanthanide ion possesses high axiality with a pentagonal bipyramid geometry (D5h). Alternative current magnetic susceptibility data revealed that the electrostatic interactions between f-electrons and ligand electrons play an important role in modulating the magnetic relaxation dynamics. Maximizing the axial charge density in {TbNi5F2} where the[F-Ln-F]+ moiety is firstly reported in lanthanide chemistry, the oblate Tb(III) is placed in a judicious crystal field. The out-of-phase signal of {TbNi5F2} shows obvious temperature and frequency dependence under 1 kOe applied dc field. Additionally, the slow magnetization relaxation of {TbNi5F2} can be fitted by the power law or Arrhenius plot with reversal barrier of 19.0 K. By lowering the electrostatic interactions of axial ligation, the out-of-phase signal significantly weakens in {TbNi5Cl2} and even vanishes in {TbNi5Br2}. The decline of magnetic anisotropy in {TbNi5Cl2} and {TbNi5Br2} accelerates the fast quantum tunneling of magnetization. The results demonstrate for the first time that the Off/Part/On slow magnetization relaxation can be modulated via the improvement of electronegativity of axial ligands.