### 利用拉曼和表面光电压谱对一维TiO2@CdS核壳结构界面电荷行为研究

1. a 湖南大学微纳结构物理与应用技术湖南省重点实验室 长沙 410082;
b 长沙师范学校电子信息工程系 长沙 410010
• 收稿日期:2012-10-22 出版日期:2013-04-14 发布日期:2013-02-21
• 通讯作者: 张清林 E-mail:qinglin.zhang@hnu.edu.cn
• 基金资助:

项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 20903038)、湖南大学青年教师成长计划和湖南省教育厅优秀青年基金(No. 11B012)资助.

### Study on Charge Carriers Behavior at CdS/TiO2 Interface of One Dimensional TiO2@CdS Core-shell Structure by Raman Scattering and Surface Photovoltage Spectroscopy

Zhang Qinglina, Cao Shangcaoa, Xia Mingxiab, Wang Xiaojiana, Wan Qianga, Pan Anliana

1. a Key Laboratory for Micro-Nano Physics and Technology of Hunan Province, Hunan University, Changsha 410082;
b The Department of Electronics and Information Engineering, Changsha Normal College, Changsha 410010
• Received:2012-10-22 Online:2013-04-14 Published:2013-02-21
• Supported by:

Project supported by the the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20903038), the Supporting Project for Young Teacher of Hunan University，the Best Youth of The Education Department Of Hunan Province (No. 11B012).

TiO2 nanowires with the diameter of about 90 nm and length of dozens of micron meter were synthesized by thermal annealing of Ti foil under the catalysis of Pd nanoparticles which were deposited on Ti foil with the ultraviolet light photoreduction. CdS shell grew on the surface of TiO2 nanowires by chemical bath deposition (CBD) to form the 1D TiO2@CdS core/shell nanostructures. The thickness of CdS shell was controlled by varying the concentration of the citric acid. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM) characterization implied that CdS shell thickness on TiO2 nanowire were about 20, 30 and 60 nm, synthesized in the solutions with citric acid concentration of 0.095, 0.19 and 0.38 mmol/L, respectively. The Raman scattering of pure TiO2 nanowire and TiO2@CdS core/shell structures excited by 488 nm Argon ion laser indicates that the modification of CdS on TiO2 nanowire with proper thickness (20 to 30 nm) can increase both the Raman scattering resulted from CdS and TiO2. It is attributed to the photo-induced electron transfering from CdS shell and TiO2 core, which results in the quenching of fluorescence of CdS, and the increase of electron distribution density for TiO2 excited state. The surface photovoltage (SPV) spectrum characterization, based on the separation of photo-generated electron-hole in space, agrees well with the Raman scattering results. That is, TiO2@CdS core/shell structures with 30 nm CdS have highest SPV response intensity and broadest spectrum range, due to the effective charge transfer between CdS and TiO2. The systematic study about the dependence of the Raman scattering and SPV on the CdS shell thickness demonstrated that the diffusion length of electron in CdS shell is between 30 and 60 nm, and it is optimal for one-dimension TiO2@CdS nanostructures in optoelectric devices application with the CdS shell thickness thinner than light penetration depth and electron diffusion length in CdS.