Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (13): 1477-1482.DOI: 10.6023/A12030002 Previous Articles     Next Articles



邹晓新a,b, 李国栋b, 邹永存b, 王培培b, 苏娟a,b, 赵君b, 王宇宁b, 陈接胜a   

  1. a 上海交通大学化学化工学院 上海 200240;
    b 吉林大学无机合成与制备化学国家重点实验室 长春 130012
  • 投稿日期:2012-02-28 发布日期:2012-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈接胜
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 91022019)和国家重点基础研究计划(No. 2011CB808703)资助.

Experimental Validation of the Importance of Thermally Stable Bulk Reduction States in TiO2 for Gas Sensor Applications

Zou Xiaoxina,b, Li Guodongb, Zou Yongcunb, Wang Peipeib, Su Juana,b, Zhao Junb, Wang Yuningb, Chen Jieshenga   

  1. a School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China;
    b State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2012-02-28 Published:2012-03-30
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91022019) and the National Basic Research Program of China (2011CB808703).

The relationship between bulk-reduction states and gas-sensing properties of TiO2 was predicted previously, but has not been validated yet experimentally. Herein, we present a chemical approach for the preparation of TiO2 nanoparticles with thermally stable bulk reduction states using porous amorphous titania as precursor. UV/vis diffuse reflectance, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirm that the stable bulk reduction states are the thermally stable Ti3+ ions and electron-trapped oxygen vacancies. O2-temperature programmed desorption (O2-TPD) measurements demonstrate that the presence of the bulk reduction states can obviously enhance the oxygen adsorption on titania surfaces. Furthermore, the bulk-reduced nanomaterial exhibits not only enhanced sensitivity and ultrafast response/ recovery (<3 s) for the detection of organic vapors (ethanol, methanol and acetone), but also excellent selectivity to CO against CH4 and H2. The sensing performance testing results confirm the importance of bulk reduction states in TiO2 sensors for the first time, and the enhanced gas-sensing performances for bulk-reduced TiO2 materials can be related to the enhanced oxygen absorption on TiO2 surfaces.

Key words: titanium dioxide, gas sensor, bulk reduction states, oxygen adsorption, nanomaterial