Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (2): 113-129.DOI: 10.6023/A15080547 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

金属有机骨架材料在催化中的应用 2016 Awarded

黄刚, 陈玉贞, 江海龙   

  1. 中国科学技术大学化学系 微尺度物质科学国家实验室 合肥 230026
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-17 出版日期:2016-02-15 发布日期:2015-11-12
  • 通讯作者: 江海龙 E-mail:jianglab@ustc.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.21371162,51301159)、科技部重大科学研究计划(No.2014CB931803)、安徽省自然科学基金(No.1408085MB23)及中组部青年千人计划和中央高校基本科研业务费(No.WK2060190026)资助.

Metal-Organic Frameworks for Catalysis

Huang Gang, Chen Yuzhen, Jiang Hailong   

  1. Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026
  • Received:2015-08-17 Online:2016-02-15 Published:2015-11-12
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21371162, 51301159), the 973 Program (No. 2014CB931803), the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province (No. 1408085MB23), the Recruitment Program of Global Youth Experts and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. WK2060190026).

Emerging as a relatively new class of porous materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), possessing diversified, designable and tailorable structures as well as ultrahigh surface area, have captured broad research interest and shown potential applications in many fields in recent years. In particular, MOFs have attracted intensive attention in catalysis. In the first two parts of this review, according to the origin of active sites, for examples, coordinatively unsaturated metal centers, functional organic linkers, functional sites chemically grafted onto the framework, as well as metal complexes or metal nanoparticles (MNPs) encapsulated inside the MOFs, etc., we have summarized the recent progress in heterogeneous catalysis over MOFs and their composites in recent several years. In addition, the MOF-based photocatalysis and electrocatalysis have also been briefly introduced in the subsequent two parts. Finally, the further development and challenge in MOF catalysis are discussed.

Key words: metal-organic frameworks, porous materials, heterogeneous catalysis, photocatalysis, electrocatalysis