Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (6): 557-564.DOI: 10.6023/A20030068 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Article

多孔钙钛矿型氧还原催化剂在柔性铝空气电池中的应用研究

税子怡a, 何娜娜a, 陈黎a, 赵炜a, 陈曦a,b   

  1. a 西北大学化工学院 西安 710069;
    b 哥伦比亚大学地球与环境学院能源环境先进材料研究中心 纽约 NY10027
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-14 发布日期:2020-05-19
  • 通讯作者: 赵炜, 陈曦 E-mail:zhaowei3313@nwu.edu.cn;xichen863@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    项目受国家自然科学基金(No.11872302)、陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(No.2019JQ-431)和陕西省教育厅自然科学专项(No.20JK0927)资助.

Porous Perovskite towards Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Flexible Aluminum-Air Battery

Shui Ziyia, He Nanaa, Chen Lia, Zhao Weia, Chen Xia,b   

  1. a Northwest University, School of Chemical Engineering, Xi'an 710069;
    b Columbia University, Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, New York NY 10027
  • Received:2020-03-14 Published:2020-05-19
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11872302), the Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi Province (No. 2019JQ-431) and the Shaanxi Provincial Department of Education Natural Science Special Project (No. 20JK0927).

Perovskite-type catalytic materials have received wide attention as high-performance and low-cost alternatives to precious metal catalysts on the market at present, which have much considerable activity and stability as catalysts for oxygen reduction reactions. Current efforts are mainly focused on the use of perovskite make-up and preparation techniques to influence elemental composition, morphology, surface area, and structural control. For a typical perovskite oxide (ABO3), due to the high calcination temperature in the preparation process, the perovskite material usually has a small specific surface area, which limits the increase of activity in heterogeneous catalytic reactions. In this paper, the perovskite La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) material with large specific surface and high catalytic activity is prepared by means of the SiO2 template. The physicochemical properties of the synthesized materials are characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), energy dispersed X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and BET. The catalytic activity of LSMO as an oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst is measured by a rotating disk test system. After that, the catalyst material is applied to a flexible aluminum-air battery and its discharge behavior and flexibility is studied and tested. The test results show that the LSMO prepared by template method has a large specific surface area (31.1825 m2·g-1), and pore volume (0.161113 cm3·g-1), and it also shows higher electrocatalytic activity in the electrochemical test system. When it is used in aluminum-air batteries, the activity of 3D porous LSMO is significantly better than that of sheet and bulk LSMO. The aluminum-air battery assembled by LSMO prepared by the template method has a higher discharge voltage (up to 1.46 V) at a constant current. Compared to the template-free method and the sol-gel method, the discharge voltage in flexible aluminum-air battery can be increased by 8.2% and 24.5%, respectively, and the performance degradation is significantly slowed during high-current discharge. The specific capacity and energy density of the battery are up to 1048.6 mA·h·g-1 and 1020.6 mW·h·g-1, respectively. When the battery is in a deformed state, its output voltage can be stabilized above 1.38 V. Once released, the voltage can be immediately restored to over 99% of the initial value. This paper not only provides a solution for the commercialization of fuel cell, but also provides a new direction for the future development of variable power supply.

Key words: perovskite oxide, specific surface area, oxygen reduction reaction, catalytic activity, flexible aluminum-air battery