Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (6): 466-477.DOI: 10.6023/A20030088 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Review

共价有机框架膜的制备及其在海水淡化和水处理领域的研究进展

蒋成浩, 冯霄, 王博   

  1. 北京理工大学 化学与化工学院 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-25 发布日期:2020-05-22
  • 通讯作者: 冯霄 E-mail:fengxiao86@bit.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:蒋成浩,北京理工大学化学与化工学院2017级硕士研究生,研究方向为共价有机框架薄膜的制备与应用;冯霄,北京理工大学化学与化工学院教授,国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金获得者.主要从事共价有机框架材料等晶态多孔材料的构效关系研究以及膜分离相关领域应用研究;王博,北京理工大学化学与化工学院教授,国家万人计划领军人才,国家自然科学基金杰出青年科学基金获得者.主要从事新型功能多孔材料的设计与合成、功能化修饰及其应用研究相关工作.
  • 基金资助:
    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.21922502,21674012,21625102,21471018)和北京理工大学基础研究基金资助.

Preparation of Covalent Organic Framework Membranes and Their Applications in Seawater Desalination and Water Treatment

Jiang Chenghao, Feng Xiao, Wang Bo   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2020-03-25 Published:2020-05-22
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21922502, 21674012, 21625102, 21471018) and Beijing Institute of Technology Research Fund Program.

The increasing shortage of freshwater resources and water pollution are important challenges facing the world, and vigorous development of seawater desalination and water treatment technologies is an effective way to alleviate this problem. In recent years, low energy consumption and green membrane-separation technology has been widely used in the fields of seawater desalination and water treatment. Covalent organic framework (COF) membranes are potential high-performance membrane separation materials due to their adjustable pore size and chemical environment. In this paper, the research progress of COF-membranes synthesis methodology is introduced in detail, the research of COF membranes in seawater desalination and water treatment is summarized, and the challenges and perspectives of COF membranes for seawater desalination and treatment are elaborated.

Key words: covalent organic framework, seawater desalination, water treatment, membrane separation