Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 81 ›› Issue (4): 420-430.DOI: 10.6023/A23010001 Previous Articles    



张慧颖a,b,c, 于淑艳a,b,c,*(), 李从举a,b,c,*()   

  1. a 北京科技大学 能源与环境工程学院 北京 100083
    b 北京科技大学北京市工业典型污染物资源化处理重点实验室 北京 100083
    c 北京市高校节能与环保工程研究中心 北京 100083
  • 投稿日期:2023-01-01 发布日期:2023-03-23
  • 作者简介:

    张慧颖, 于2022年获得青岛科技大学学士学位, 2022年至今在于淑艳老师的指导下攻读硕士学位. 研究兴趣是探究静电纺丝电催化高效碳纤维微滤膜研制及其降解废水性能.

    于淑艳讲师, 硕士生导师. 于2013获得山东大学双学士学位, 2018年获得新加坡南洋理工大学博士学位, 2020年获得清华大学博士后, 现为北京科技大学讲师. 研究兴趣是探究静电纺丝电催化高效碳纤维微滤膜研制及其降解废水性能.

    李从举教授, 博士生导师. 于2004年获得中国科学院化学研究所博士学位, 现任北京科技大学教授. 2017年获得国家“万人计划”科技创新领军人才称号. 研究重点是环境纳米材料与技术.

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(52103070); 中央高校基本科研基金(FRF-TP-20-057A1); 中央高校基本科研基金(06500100); “万人计划”——国家高层次人才专项支持计划

Electrocatalytic Degradation of Wastewater by Polymer-based Carbon Nanomembranes and Mechanism

Huiying Zhanga,b,c, Shuyan Yua,b,c,*(), Congju Lia,b,c,*()   

  1. a School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
    b Beijing Key Laboratory of Resource-oriented Treatment of Industrial Pollutants, Beijing 100083, China
    c Energy Conservation and Environmental Protection Engineering Research Center in Universities of Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2023-01-01 Published:2023-03-23
  • Contact: * E-mail:;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(52103070); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(FRF-TP-20-057A1); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(06500100); “Ten thousand plan”-National High-level personnel of special support program

Advanced electrocatalytic oxidation technology generally uses plate electrodes, because the hindered mass transfer has disadvantages of incomplete degradation, which limits the application of electrocatalytic degradation of pollutants. As a new type of electrode, porous carbon nanomembranes can effectively improve the mass transfer efficiency, thereby overcoming the shortcomings of traditional technology, it have been widely used in recent years. In this paper, the methods for preparing carbon films are reviewed, including electrospinning technology (EST), chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and template method, the principles and operating methods of the different techniques are introduced separately, and examples of the practical application of each method are given. Among them, electrospinning technology has the advantages of facilitating the modification of carbon films and the preparation of oriented carbon membranes. Secondly, the research on the electrocatalytic degradation of wastewater containing antibiotics, dye molecules and other organic compounds by carbon membrane is summarized, the universality of electrocatalysis is illustrated from the effective degradation results of carbon membranes for different organic compounds, the high efficiency, cleanliness and reproducibility of carbon membranes as electrodes for electrocatalytic degradation of wastewater are further demonstrated by different studies. These studies have further improved the performance of carbon membrane as electrodes by adding metals, metal oxides and metal-organic frameworks to the carbon membranes. Finally, the mechanism of electrochemical advanced oxidation, effect of electrode and main detection methods of free radicals are described, the mechanism of electrochemical advanced oxidation is introduced in terms of direct and indirect oxidation, and specific demonstration is made through equations, the possible electrode effects and their influence on electrocatalytic degradation of wastewater are cited as example. The methods of detecting free radicals are mainly introduced as quenching method and probe method, the principles and controversies are explained, and the development of carbon film electrocatalytic degradation of wastewater is prospected.

Key words: polymer-based, carbon membrane, electrochemical oxidation, wastewater treatment, mechanism