Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (11): 1185-1199.DOI: 10.6023/A20060265 Previous Articles     Next Articles



王文彬, 温群磊, 刘友文, 翟天佑   

  1. 华中科技大学 材料科学与工程学院 材料成形与模具技术国家重点实验室 武汉 430074
  • 投稿日期:2020-06-24 发布日期:2020-08-11
  • 通讯作者: 刘友文, 翟天佑;
  • 作者简介:王文彬,2017年在南京师范大学获学士学位,现在在华中科技大学翟天佑教授和刘友文副教授的指导下攻读博士学位.主要研究方向是二维过渡金属基材料电催化小分子转化在能源转化和存储领域的应用;刘友文,博士,副教授,博士生导师,2017年毕业于中国科学技术大学无机化学专业,获得博士学位,同年加入华中科技大学材料科学与工程学院.主要研究方向:二维电催化材料与器件;翟天佑,博士,教授,博士生导师,2008年获得中国科学院化学研究所博士学位.2008~2012年在日本物质材料研究机构先后任JSPS博士后和ICYS研究员,现任华中科技大学材料科学与工程学院首席教授.主要研究领域为无机功能纳米材料的可控合成和其物理性质探索,以及在能源、电子、光子领域中的应用.
  • 基金资助:

Research Progress of Surface and Interface Chemistry Regulate Two-dimensional Materials for Electrocatalytic Biomass Conversion

Wang Wenbin, Wen Qunlei, Liu Youwen, Zhai Tianyou   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die&Mould Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2020-06-24 Published:2020-08-11
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21805102, 21825103, 51727809) and the Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 2019CFA002).

Electrocatalytic biomass conversion, which utilizing the electrical energy generated by intermittent energy, drive biomass into high value-added organic chemicals, and usually can be coupled with water splitting for the production of high-purity hydrogen. It has the potential to significantly decrease fossil fuel consumption, optimize energy structure and solve environmental issues. However, because biomass possess multiple groups and its conversion involves multiple electrons, electrocatalytic biomass conversion suffer from low conversion efficiency, bad selectivity and poor stability. Surface and interface chemistry engineering, such as regulating intrinsic structure, generating vacancies, introducing heteroatom, and constructing synergistic interface, can design and modify two-dimensional electrocatalysts to optimize their electronic structure and geometric structure, and effectively improve the electrocatalytic efficiency, selectivity and stability. This review provides an overview of recent advances about the role of surface and interface chemistry played on electrocatalytic biomass conversion of two-dimensional materials. In addition, the authors also give some perspectives on the challenges and prospects in this field.

Key words: electrocatalytic biomass conversion, surface and interface chemistry, two-dimensional materials, high value-added organic chemicals, hydrogen