Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2009, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (23): 2721-2726. Previous Articles     Next Articles

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羟基磷灰石/离子液体混合膜修饰电极的制备及其应用于水中痕量镉离子的高选择性测定

潘壮英,马荣娜,李 静,刘 燕 ,赵 倩,王国涛,王怀生   

  1. (聊城大学化学化工学院 聊城 252059)
  • 收稿日期:2009-04-16 修回日期:2009-06-10 出版日期:2009-12-14 发布日期:2009-08-11
  • 通讯作者: 王怀生 E-mail:hswang@lcu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助课题(Nos. 20575024;20775031)

Preparation of Hydroxyapatite/Ionic Liquid Composite Film Modified Electrode and Its Application for the Highly Selective Determination of Trace Cadmium in Water

Pan, Zhuangying,Ma, Rongna,Li, Jing,Liu, Yan Zhao, Qian,Wang, Guotao,Wang, Huaisheng*   

  1. (College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng 252059)
  • Received:2009-04-16 Revised:2009-06-10 Online:2009-12-14 Published:2009-08-11

Stick-like hydroxyapatite particles were synthesized using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as template and characterized with SEM, XRD and IR. The hydroxyapatite/ionic liquid modified electrode was prepared by coating the mixture of hydroxyapatite particles and the ionic liquids ([BMIM]PF6) on the glassy carbon electrode surface. The accumulative and electrochemical behavior of Cd(II) on the modified electrode was investigated and the results showed that Cd(II) could be accumulated on the hydroxyapatite surface and reduced to Cd by the ionic liquid at the open-circuit. When the potential was scanned to positive direction, a sensitive stripping peak was obtained. Therefore, a novel method was developed for the highly selective determination of trace cadmium in water samples based on the oxidative stripping. The interferences from lead, mercury, silver and other common metal ions were not found in this method. There was a good liner relationship between the stripping peak current and Cd(II) concentration in the range of 4.0×10-8~2.2×10-7 mol• L-1 with the detection limit of 2.0×10-8 mol•L-1 Cd(II). This study should have potential application to environmental monitoring and environmental treatment.

Key words: hydroxyapatite, ionic liquid, cadmium(II), modified electrode