有机化学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1964-1977.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201702002 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

四硫富瓦烯三氮唑衍生物的合成及应用研究进展

赵邦屯a, 陶晶晶b, 陈小纪b, 朱卫民b   

  1. a 洛阳师范学院化学化工学院 洛阳 471934;
    b 郑州大学化学与分子工程学院 郑州 450010
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-03 修回日期:2017-04-07 出版日期:2017-08-25 发布日期:2017-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 赵邦屯, 朱卫民 E-mail:zbt@lynu.edu.cn;zhuwm@zzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.201172105)资助项目.

Progress on Synthesis and Application of Triazole-Based Tetrathiafulvalene Derivatives

Zhao Bangtuna, Tao Jingjingb, Chen Xiaojib, Zhu Weiminb   

  1. a College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471934;
    b College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001
  • Received:2017-02-03 Revised:2017-04-07 Online:2017-08-25 Published:2017-04-27
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201702002 E-mail:zbt@lynu.edu.cn;zhuwm@zzu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21172105).

四硫富瓦烯是一类重要的电子供体化合物,在分子导体和超分子化学领域引起广泛关注.主要介绍Cu(I)催化的叠氮和块基的环加成反应(CuAAC)在合成四硫富瓦烯三氮唑衍生物方面的应用进展,主要涉及含端基叠氮的四硫富瓦烯化合物和含端基炔的反应底物反应以及含端基炔的四硫富瓦烯化合物和含端基叠氮的反应底物反应两类.同时,对利用CuAAC点击反应合成的含三氮唑功能基的四硫富瓦烯衍生物在分子识别、分子组装以及分子光电和光伏器件等光电功能材料领域的应用进展进行综述.

关键词: 点击反应, 四硫富瓦烯, 三氮唑, 光电功能材料

Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) is an excellent electron donor, therefore it has been used in amyriad of molecular conductors and supramolecular application. The main focus of this review is on the recent progress of synthesis and application of various triazole-based TTF derivatives (TTFs) mainly including traditional tetrathiafulvalene, tetrathiafulvalene vinylogue and extended tetrathiafulvalene via click chemistry. Assisting copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition reaction (CuAAC), the general aspects of TTF molecular design are mainly involved in the reactions of terminal propargyl TTFs with terminal azided substrates as well as the reactions of terminal azided TTFs with terminal propargyl various substrates. This survey is also presented from the view of supramolecular application of the triazole-based TTF systems in molecular recognition, molecular assembly as well as molecular photoelectric and photovoltaic functional materials etc.

Key words: click reaction, triazole, tetrathiafulvalene, photoelectric functional material