有机化学 ›› 2014, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 1061-1073.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201312008 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

硅杂环戊二烯并苯有机小分子化合物研究进展

曲红梅, 蒋丽丽, 陈涛, 唐建可   

  1. 天津大学化工学院 系统生物工程教育部重点实验室 天津市生物制药工程重点实验室 天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-06 修回日期:2014-01-19 出版日期:2014-06-25 发布日期:2014-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 曲红梅 E-mail:ququhongmei@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No. 21102099)资助项目.

Research Progress in Benzosilole-Containing Organic Compounds

Qu Hongmei, Jiang Lili, Chen Tao, Tang Jianke   

  1. Key Laboratory of Systems Bioengineering, Ministry of Education, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Biological and Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072
  • Received:2013-12-06 Revised:2014-01-19 Online:2014-06-25 Published:2014-02-21
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21102099).

硅杂环戊二烯并苯有机小分子结构的特殊性,赋予其独特的光电特性,在有机光电功能材料等领域具有广阔的应用前景. 其中,并苯的刚性共平面结构可避免构象无序性、扩大π-共轭;硅杂环戊二烯能够形成σ**共轭,可有效降低体系LUMO能级、提高电子亲合势. 硅杂环戊二烯并苯有机小分子主要包括苯并噻咯、硅桥联对二苯乙烯衍生物、二苯并噻咯和双硅桥联对-三联苯等. 综述了硅杂环戊二烯并苯小分子的合成方法、结构修饰、性能及应用的研究进展,并对今后的研究方向进行了展望.

关键词: 硅杂环戊二烯并苯, 硅桥联, π-共轭, 光电材料

Benzosilole-containing organic molecules have been potentially applied in opto-electronic material fields, due to their unique structural and optical characteristics. The rigid planar structures of acenes prevent conformational disorder, and extend the π-conjugation. Silacyclopentadiene can form σ** conjugation, lowering the LUMO and enhancing the electron affinity efficiently. In this review, benzosiloles, silicon-bridged stilbene derivatives, silafluorenes and bis-silicon-bridged p-terphenyls are focused on. The recent research progress in the synthesis, modification, properties and applications of benzosilole-containing organic compounds is summarized, and the future research of this field is also prospected.

Key words: benzosilole, silicon-bridge, π-conjugated, opto-electronic materials