有机化学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 212-216.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201407013 上一篇    下一篇

研究简报

硼酸催化三组分无溶剂“一锅法”合成5-[(3-吲哚基)-甲基]-2,2-亚丁基-1,3-二噁烷-4,6-二酮衍生物

林春花a, 许招会a, 廖维林b, 邱曾烨b, 夏剑辉b   

  1. a 江西师范大学化学化工学院 南昌 330027;
    b 国家单糖化学合成工程技术研究中心 南昌 330027
  • 收稿日期:2014-07-09 修回日期:2014-10-10 出版日期:2015-01-25 发布日期:2014-10-13
  • 通讯作者: 许招会, 夏剑辉 E-mail:gotoxzh@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技攻关计划(No. 2001BA323C)和江西省研究生创新基金(No. YC10A51)资助项目.

Solvent-Free One-Pot Three-Component Synthesis of 5-[(Indol-3-yl)-methyl]-2,2-butylidene-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione Derivatives with B(OH)3 as Catalyst

Lin Chunhuaa, Xu Zhaohuia, Liao Weilinb, Qiu Zengyeb, Xia Jianhuib   

  1. a Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330027;
    b National Monosaccharides Chemical Synthesis Engineering Research Center, Nanchang 330027
  • Received:2014-07-09 Revised:2014-10-10 Online:2015-01-25 Published:2014-10-13
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Science and Technology Project (No. 2001BA323C) and the Graduate Innovation Foundation of Jiangxi Province (No. YC10A51).

在硼酸催化下, 以吲哚、醛和2,2-亚丁基-1,3-二噁烷-4,6-二酮为原料, 经三组分无溶剂条件合成了9种5-[(3-吲哚基)-甲基]-2,2-亚丁基-1,3-二噁烷-4,6-二酮衍生物. 当催化剂的用量为5 mol%时, 60 ℃反应30~90 min, 收率为 68.6%~91.3%. 此外, 还探讨了硼酸可能的催化机理. 该方法具有反应条件温和, 反应时间短且收率高的优点. 硼酸催化剂对环境友好且可循环利用.

关键词: 三组分反应, 一锅法合成, 5-[(3-吲哚基)-甲基]-2,2-亚丁基-1,3-二噁烷-4,6-二酮, 硼酸催化

Nine kinds of 5-[(indol-3-yl)-methyl]-2,2-butylidene-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione derivatives were synthesized by the three-component one-pot reaction of indole with aldehydes and 2,2-butylidene-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione in the presence of boric acid under solvent-free. The results indicated that the yields ranged from 68.6% to 91.3%, when using 5 mol% boric acid and reacting at 60 ℃ for 30~90 min. Furthermore, a proposed reaction mechanism for the reaction catalyzed by boric acid was speculated. The main advantages of the present procedure were milder conditions, shorter reaction time and higher yields. Further study showed that boric acid was environmentally friendly and reused for six times without any noticeable decrease in the catalytic activity.

Key words: three-component reaction, one-pot synthesis, 5-[(indol-3-yl)-methyl]-2,2-butylidene-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione, B(OH)3-promoted