Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 587-599.DOI: 10.6023/A15010071 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 共价有机多孔聚合物



任浩, 朱广山   

  1. 吉林大学无机合成与制备化学国家重点实验室 吉林 130012
  • 投稿日期:2015-01-28 发布日期:2015-03-13
  • 通讯作者: 朱广山
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家基础研究计划(Nos. 973, 2012CB821700, 2014CB931800), 重大国际合作(No. 21120102034)和青年科学基金(No. 21201074)资助.

Porous Organic Frameworks: Synthetic Strategy and Their Applications

Ren Hao, Zhu Guangshan   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012
  • Received:2015-01-28 Published:2015-03-13
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, Nos. 2012CB821700, 2014CB931800), Major International (Regional) Joint Research Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21120102034), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21201074).

Porous materials have been intensively applied in fields of ion exchange, adsorption and separation, host-guest chemistry, etc. The development of porous materials has fundamental and practical significance. Based on the component and constructing bond of porous materials, they include zeolite, mesoporous materials, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) also known as coordination polymers, and porous organic frameworks (POFs). Compared with other porous materials, POFs could be considered as a new star. POFs are constructed by the designable and tunable organic building units (OBUs) via robust covalent bonds. Therefore, POFs display a series of advantages, such as diverse skeletons, high stability, high surface area, tunable pore, etc. The synthesis procedure could be described as the assembly of building units via specific acting force. In this review, we will introduce the synthetic principles, gas storage, catalysis, and other applications of the advanced POFs.

Key words: porous organic frameworks, synthetic principle, functionalization, adsorption and separation, catalysis, guest-host chemistry