Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2024, Vol. 82 ›› Issue (1): 5-8.DOI: 10.6023/A23120531 Previous Articles     Next Articles



黄涎廷, 韩洪亮, 肖婧, 王帆, 柳忠全*()   

  1. 南京中医药大学 药学院 南京 210023
  • 投稿日期:2023-12-13 发布日期:2024-01-23
  • 基金资助:

An I2O5/KSCN-Mediated Iodothiocyanation of Alkynes

Xianting Huang, Hongliang Han, Jing Xiao, Fan Wang, Zhong-Quan Liu()   

  1. College of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2023-12-13 Published:2024-01-23
  • Contact: E-mail:; Tel.: +86-931-8912500; Fax: +86-931-8915557
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(21971116)

Thiocyanates are an important compound family that widely found in natural products and active pharmaceutical ingredients. In addition, their ability to function as versatile electrophiles either on sulfur or carbon centers enables them especially valuable intermediates in synthetic organic chemistry. In the past decades, considerable advances for synthesis of thiocyanates have been made. However, most of them rely on transition-metal promotion or suffer from harsh reaction conditions or limited substrate scope. Therefore, efficient and practical accesses to thiocyanates are highly desirable. Herein, we disclose herein a general and practical access to (E)-β-iodo vinylthiocyanates via iodothiocyanation of alkynes with I2O5 and KSCN. In contrast to previous methods, the present strategy holds the advantages of transition-metal free, high diasteroselectivity, scaled-up to grams and mild conditions. By treatment of the alkynes with I2O5 and KSCN at room temperature, we found that a wide variety of terminal and/or internal alkynes all gave the corresponding (E)-β-iodo vinylthiocyanates in high yields and excellent chemoselectivities. In addition, the desired (E)-β-iodo vinylthiocyanates were also obtained in good yields with both aryl and simple alkyl substituted alkynes. Interestingly, propargyl alcohol was also effective substrate. Furthermore, several propionates afforded the corresponding (E)-β-iodo vinylthiocyanates as a mixture of regio-isomers. Treatment of a herbicide clodinafop-propargyl with I2O5 and KSCN resulted in high yield of the corresponding (E)-β-iodo vinylthiocyanates, which indicated that this strategy could be applied in direct modification of drugs. Finally, this iodothiocyanation reaction can be smoothly scaled-up to gram level, which indicates it could be applied in industrial synthesis of pharmaceuticals.

Key words: iodothiocyanation, alkyne, difunctionalization, metal-free, high diasteroselectivity