Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (10): 1041-1053.DOI: 10.6023/A20060256 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 多孔材料:金属有机框架(MOF) 多孔材料:共价有机框架(COF)



梅佩, 张媛媛, 冯霄   

  1. 北京理工大学 化学与化工学院 前沿交叉科学研究院 北京 100081
  • 投稿日期:2020-06-22 发布日期:2020-07-23
  • 通讯作者: 张媛媛, 冯霄;
  • 作者简介:梅佩,北京理工大学化学与化工学院,2018级在读硕士研究生(化学工程专业),本科毕业于黄冈师范学院(应用化学专业),现主要从事氨基酸功能化晶态多孔材料的合成与应用研究;张媛媛,北京理工大学前沿交叉科学研究院,预聘助理教授.2013年~2019年在北京理工大学化学与化工学院获得博士学位,2017年~2018年在美国西北大学化学系访问学习(联合培养博士),2019年就职于北京理工大学前沿交叉科学研究院.主要从事金属有机框架(MOF)、共价有机框架(COF)等功能多孔材料的可控制备和柔性加工,及其在分离、催化、智能响应等领域的应用研究;冯霄,北京理工大学博士生导师,化学与化工学院教授,国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金获得者.分别于2008年和2013年于北京理工大学材料学院取得本科与博士学位,攻读博士期间以联合培养博士研究生身份留学于日本国家自然科学研究机构——分子科学研究所.2013年就职于北京理工大学化学与化工学院.主要从事关于共价有机框架材料等晶态多孔材料的构效关系研究以及膜分离相关领域应用研究.
  • 基金资助:

Amino Acid Functionalized Crystalline Porous Polymers

Mei Pei, Zhang Yuanyuan, Feng Xiao   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Advanced Research Institute of Multidisciplinary Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2020-06-22 Published:2020-07-23
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21922502, 21674012).

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are representative crystalline porous polymers. Due to their high surface area, high porosity, open channels, abundant functional groups and easy functionalization, they show great applications in gas storage and separation, catalysis, energy storage, photovoltaic devices, etc. Amino acids are the basic structural units that constitute peptides and proteins, which not only have important biological functions, but also play an important role in industrial applications such as pharmaceutical production, biodegradable plastics, and chiral catalysts. The introduction of amino acids into MOFs and COFs could endow them with diverse and flexible frameworks, special pore environment, and chiral sites, improving their biocompatibility and degradability to some extent and enriching their functions and applications. This review focuses on the progress of the amino acid functionalized MOFs and COFs, including their synthetic strategies, such as employing amino acids and their derivatives as building unit, covalent modification of amino acids onto the framework, and utilizing amino acids as modulators. The advantages and disadvantages of these strategies are compared and their challenges are discussed. In addition, we also introduce their applications in chiral separation, catalysis, adsorption and proton conduction. Finally, we summarize the current challenges in the preparation of amino acid functionalized crystalline porous polymers and outlook the future research direction in this field.

Key words: crystalline porous polymer, metal-organic frameworks, covalent organic frameworks, amino acid, functionalization