Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 80 ›› Issue (2): 180-198.DOI: 10.6023/A21100489 Previous Articles     Next Articles



何磊a, 么秋香b, 孙鸣a,*(), 马晓迅a   

  1. a 西北大学化工学院 西安 710069
    b 西京学院理学院 西安 710123
  • 投稿日期:2021-10-29 发布日期:2021-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 孙鸣
  • 作者简介:

    何磊, 男, 硕士研究生. 现就读于西北大学化工学院硕士研究生, 目前主要研究方向为新型分子筛的设计与制备.

    么秋香, 女, 博士(后). 西京学院理学院副教授, 高级工程师. 主持在研及完成国家自然科学基金青年项目1项、中国博士后基金站中特别资助项目1项、中国博士后基金面上项目1项、陕西省重点研发计划一般项目(工业领域)1项、陕西省自然科学基础研究计划-青年项目1项. 参与国家重点研发计划项目、陕西省科技统筹创新工程计划项目、陕煤化集团工业化项目、万吨级输送床粉煤快速热解试验装置改造与优化项目等. 发表学术论文30余篇, 申请专利14件. 目前担任国家自然科学基金委、陕西省科技技术厅等机构的项目评审专家. 目前主要研究方向为煤焦油催化转化制化学品的研究.

    孙鸣, 男, 博士. 西北大学化工学院教授, 博士生导师. 主持在研及完成国家重点研发计划项目课题1项、国家自然科学基金面上项目2项, 国家自然科学基金青年项目1项, 陕西省重点研发计划-重点产业创新链(群)-工业领域项目1项, 陕西省创新人才推进计划等. 参与国家863计划、国际科技合作等项目3项, 国家自然基金和陕西省重点研发计划项目5项. 获陕西青年科技奖、陕西省青年科技新星等. 发表学术论文60余篇, 以第一发明人授权专利20余件, 主持制定国家标准1项. 目前主要研究方向: (1)煤炭、生物质资源的转化与利用; (2)焦油梯级分离基础研究与应用开发; (3)焦油催化转化基础研究与应用开发.

    马晓迅, 男, 博士. 西北大学化工学院二级教授, 博士生导师. 现任国家碳氢资源清洁利用国际科技合作基地主任、陕北能源先进化工利用技术教育部工程研究中心主任、陕西省洁净煤转化工程技术研究中心主任、陕北能源化工产业发展协同创新中心主任等. 主持在研及完成国家自然科学基金重点项目、国家863计划、国家国际科技合作、科技支撑计划等项目/课题9项, 发表论文200余篇, 获得授权发明专利40余件. 主要研究方向为煤炭清洁高效转化利用、化工传质与分离、天然气化工、碳一化工、粉-粒流化床/喷动床、大气污染控制(烟气脱硫、脱硝)、化工过程优化和全生命周期分析等领域的科学研究与技术开发.

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(21776229); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(21908180); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(22078266); 国家自然科学基金资助项目(22178289); 国家重点研发计划资助项目(2018YFB0604603); 陕西省重点研发计划项目(2020ZDLGY11-02); 陕西省重点研发计划项目(2018ZDXM-GY-167); 陕西省重点研发计划项目(2021GY-136)

Progress in Preparation and Catalysis of Two-dimensional (2D) and Three-dimensional (3D) Zeolites

Lei Hea, Qiuxiang Yaob, Ming Suna(), Xiaoxun Maa   

  1. a School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China
    b School of Science, Xijing University, Xi’an 710123, China
  • Received:2021-10-29 Published:2021-12-20
  • Contact: Ming Sun
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(21776229); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21908180); National Natural Science Foundation of China(22078266); National Natural Science Foundation of China(22178289); National Key R&D Plan(2018YFB0604603); Key R&D Projects in Shaanxi Province(2020ZDLGY11-02); Key R&D Projects in Shaanxi Province(2018ZDXM-GY-167); Key R&D Projects in Shaanxi Province(2021GY-136)

Nowadays, under the background of energy shortage and “double carbon”, clean and efficient utilization of energy is very important. Zeolite catalyst is an important means to improve the output and quality in the process of energy processing, and has become a research hotspot in this field. From natural zeolites to artificial zeolites, from three-dimensional (3D) zeolites to two-dimensional (2D) zeolites, with the further study of zeolites, their properties and structures are gradually clear, and they are widely used in catalysis, adsorption, separation and other industries. Especially the 2D zeolites with unique crystal structure (or morphology), their lamellar structures not only reduce the molecular transmission path, but also provide more active sites for the catalytic reaction system and reduce the carbon deposition rate, which have great application potential in the future. When it comes to 2D zeolites, structure directing agent plays a very important role, the types of 2D zeolites can be broadened by changing the structure of directing agent structure, and in this way, the structural change elasticity of zeolites can be increased, which meets the industrial requirements and has a wide range of adaptability. Here, this paper summarizes the development process of 3D and 2D molecular sieves, focuses on the catalytic efficiency of zeolites, expounds their structure-activity relationship in different fields such as coal tar catalytic conversion, C1 chemical industry and biomass catalytic conversion, as well as the preparation path of 2D zeolites, summarizes the conversion mechanism, and analyzes the advantages of 2D zeolites in specific surface area and active site accessibility, it provides a reference for the application of 2D zeolite molecular sieves in industry.

Key words: structure directing agent, two-dimensional (2D) zeolite, three-dimensional (3D) zeolite, synthesis, structure- activity relationship