化学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (6): 575-582.DOI: 10.6023/A17020045 上一篇    下一篇

所属专题: 铁环境化学

综述

硫化纳米零价铁去除水体污染物的研究进展

汤晶a,b, 汤琳a,b, 冯浩朋a,b, 董浩然a,b, 章毅a,b, 刘思诗a,b, 曾光明a,b   

  1. a 湖南大学环境科学与工程学院 长沙 410082;
    b 湖南大学环境生物学与污染控制教育部重点实验室 长沙 410082
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-08 出版日期:2017-06-15 发布日期:2017-04-01
  • 通讯作者: 汤琳, 曾光明 E-mail:tanglin@hnu.edu.cn;zgming@hnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.51579096,51222805,51521006,51508175)和“万人计划”青年拔尖人才支持计划(2012)资助.

Research Progress of Aqueous Pollutants Removal by Sulfidated Nanoscale Zero-valent Iron

Tang Jinga,b, Tang Lina,b, Feng Haopenga,b, Dong Haorana,b, Zhang Yia,b, Liu Sishia,b, Zeng Guangminga,b   

  1. a College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Changsha 410082;
    b Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082
  • Received:2017-02-08 Online:2017-06-15 Published:2017-04-01
  • Contact: 10.6023/A17020045 E-mail:tanglin@hnu.edu.cn;zgming@hnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51579096, 51222805, 51521006, 51508175) and the National Program for Support of Top-Notch Young Professionals of China (2012).

纳米零价铁(NZVI)作为一种原料来源广泛的环境污染修复剂,被广泛应用于地下水和废水等水环境污染修复领域中.尽管这种材料具有反应活性优异、成本低和毒性低的特点,但又面临着自身性质带来的在原位修复和储存等方面的局限.在提高其在水环境中的实际应用潜力的改性方法中,硫化作用成为近10年来的一个研究热点,这也意味着NZVI改性的研究重点从提高NZVI反应活性转移到提高电子的选择性上.硫化型NZVI的制备方法各异,制备方法主要为化学法.这些硫化型材料被大量应用于水体有机污染物降解和重金属去除的研究中来考察它们的实际反应活性,其与水体污染物在不同环境体系下的反应机制也被深入研究.其中,根据硫化型NZVI降解污染物种类和反应条件的不同,大致可以分为吸附、还原和氧化这三大类.尽管目前硫化型NZVI的实际应用仍面临着较多的局限,但是在提高反应活性和电子选择性等方面突破巨大.深入地梳理硫化型NZVI的反应性能和其去除水体中污染物的反应机制的研究进展能够为未来硫化型NZVI的研究指明发展方向.由于硫化型零价铁的优异性能,该材料和相关的硫化铁系材料将会逐步成为环境修复领域的重要材料分支,具有潜在的发展前景.

关键词: 纳米零价铁, 硫化作用, 水环境, 有机污染物, 重金属污染, 反应机制

Nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI), an environmental remediation agent derived from wide range of raw materials, has been extensively applied in the field of remedying polluted water environment such as groundwater and wastewater. Although NZVI possesses some advantages such as excellent reaction activity, low cost and low toxicity, the limitation of in-situ remediation and storage concerning this kind of material has not been completely overcome yet. Among methods to improve the practical application of NZVI in water environment, sulfidation has become a research hotspot over recent decade. This means that the focus of modifying NZVI has shifted from reaction activity to electron selectivity. Most of the preparation methods of sulfidated NZVI belong to the chemical approach. These sulfidated materials have been heavily used to degrade organic pollutants and remove heavy metals in water to test their practical reactivity. Reaction mechanisms of pollutants and sulfidated NZVI in different environmental systems have also been extensively investigated. Hereinto, according to the species of organic pollutants and the reaction conditions, these reaction mechanisms can be roughly divided into three categories, including adsorption, reduction, and oxidation. In recent years, it is noted that sulfidated NZVI has made great progress to enhance the reaction activity and electrons selectivity, though it still has some limitations in the practical application. It is necessary to thoroughly review recent research progress about the reaction activities of sulfidated NZVI and its reaction mechanisms with pollutants in water, because it can clearly figure out new directions towards future development of sulfidated NZVI application. Due to the superior properties of sulfidated zero-valent iron, this material and relevant iron sulfide-based materials are going to belong to the most important functional materials in the field of environmental remediation with promising development prospect.

Key words: nanoscale zero-valent iron, sulfidation, water environment, organic pollutants, heavy metal pollutants, reaction mechanisms