化学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (02): 193-198.DOI: 10.6023/A12100795 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

染料敏化太阳能电池中低染料吸附浓度下的界面电荷复合效应

唐笑a, 汪禹汛b   

  1. a 重庆科技学院 冶金与材料工程学院 重庆 401331;
    b 重庆大学 化学化工学院 重庆 400030
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-19 出版日期:2013-02-14 发布日期:2012-12-31
  • 通讯作者: 唐笑 E-mail:tang_xiao2005@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金委青年科学基金(No. 510029194)和重庆市科委重庆市自然科学基金(No. CSTC2010BB4293)资助.

Charge Recombination in Dye-sensitized Solar Cells with Low Adsorbed Concentration of Dye

Tang Xiaoa, Wang Yuxunb   

  1. a College of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, Chongqing 401331;
    b College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030
  • Received:2012-10-19 Online:2013-02-14 Published:2012-12-31
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Young Scientists Fund from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 510029194) and Chongqing Natural Science Foundation from Chongqing Science & Technology Commission (No. CSTC2010BB4293).

在保持染料吸附量不变的条件下, 通过增加TiO2薄膜厚度来降低染料在TiO2薄膜表面的吸附浓度. 研究了染料吸附浓度与染料敏化太阳能电池(DSC)中界面电荷复合效应的关系. 研究发现, 在低染料吸附浓度下, DSCs中界面电荷复合效应明显降低, 并由此使得DSC在薄膜厚度增加时, 仍能保持0.72~0.80的高填充因子; 在TiO2光电极有效面积由0.25 cm2增大到1 cm2时, 总光电转换效率(η)损失由34.7%减少到19.6%.

关键词: 二氧化钛, 染料吸附浓度, 染料敏化太阳能电池, 界面电荷复合效应, 电化学阻抗谱

Photovoltaic conversion performances of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are significantly influenced by the interface charge recombination in DSCs. Lots of factors affecting the charge recombination, such as surface states of TiO2 and components of electrolytes, have been studied and dyes have been always ignored for the charge recombination in DSCs. Although the charge recombination occurring between the injection electrons and triiodide in electrolyte is calculated to take priority kinetically to the one between the injection electrons and oxidized dye molecules, dyes are not independent from the electrolyte related electron recombination. Instead by dye molecules themselves, the chance of injection electrons recaptured by triiodide in electrolyte could rise due to the increase of the adsorbed concentration of dye, which leads to the local concentration of triiodide increasing. In this paper, an effect of low charge recombination in DSCs with low adsorbed concentration of dye is observed. The adsorbed concentration of dye is defined as the adsorbed amount of dye in unit specific surface area of TiO2 films and adjusted by adsorbing similar amount of dye on the surface of TiO2 films with different film thickness. The influence of the adsorbed concentration of dye on the charge recombination in DSC is investigated by the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technology. It turns out that with the adsorbed concentration of dye decreasing, the electron lift time within TiO2 film and the interface resistance of TiO2/electrolyte increase significantly, which indicates the charge recombination in DSC decrease. Owing to this effect, with the TiO2 film thickness increasing from about 2 μm to 18 μm, the cells keep the fill factor (ff) as high as 0.72~0.80. And the energy conversion efficiency loss, which resulted from the increase of the active area of TiO2 photoanode from 0.25 cm2 to 1 cm2, decreased from 34.7% to 19.6%.

Key words: titanium dioxide, adsorbed concentration of dye, dye-sensitized solar cell, charge recombination, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)