Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2014, Vol. 72 ›› Issue (2): 185-200.DOI: 10.6023/A13080857 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Article

石墨烯/碳纳米管复合材料的制备及应用进展

赵冬梅a,b, 李振伟c, 刘领弟c, 张艳红c, 任德财b, 李坚a   

  1. a 东北林业大学生物材料科学与工程教育部重点实验室 哈尔滨 150040;
    b 黑龙江东方学院食品与环境工程学部 哈尔滨 150086;
    c 黑龙江大学功能无机材料化学教育部重点实验室 哈尔滨 150080
  • 收稿日期:2013-08-15 出版日期:2014-02-14 发布日期:2013-11-03
  • 通讯作者: 赵冬梅,E-mail:zhaodongmei0322@yahoo.com.cn;Tel.:0451-86653157 E-mail:zhaodongmei0322@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 31270590);中国博士后基金(No. 2013M531008)和黑龙江省教育厅项目(No. 12531521)资助.

Progress of Preparation and Application of Graphene/Carbon Nanotube Composite Materials

Zhao Dongmeia,b, Li Zhenweic, Liu Lingdic, Zhang Yanhongc, Ren Decaib, Li Jiana   

  1. a Key Laboratory of Bio-Based Material Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Northeast Forest University, Harbin 150040;
    b Food and Environment Engineering Department, Heilongjiang East University, Harbin 150086;
    c Key Laboratory of Functional Inorganic Material Chemistry, Heilongjiang University, Harbin 150080
  • Received:2013-08-15 Online:2014-02-14 Published:2013-11-03
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31270590), Postdoctoral Science Foundation Projects of China (No. 2013M531008) and Heilongjiang Provincial Department of Education Project (No. 12531521).

Graphene and carbon nanotubes are nanometer-sized carbon materials with the characteristics of the great specific surface area, good electrical conductivity and excellent mechanical properties. Selecting appropriate methods to prepare graphene/carbon nanotube composites can generate a synergistic effect between them with many physical and chemical properties enhanced, and these composites have a great future in many areas. In this paper, some kinds of preparation methods about graphene/carbon nanotube composites were described in detail, such as chemical vapor deposition, layer by layer deposition, electrophoretic deposition, vacuum filtration, coating membrane and in situ chemical reduction method. The advantages and disadvantages of these methods were compared as table format. To further enhance the functions, the graphene/carbon nanotube composites were doped with other materials such as polymer materials, nanoparticles, metal oxide to achieve the purpose of modification. Some researchers proposed theoretical computer model design for some special composites structures such as three-dimensional columnar structure and spiral structure to improve the performance of composites. Meanwhile, the applications of composites in supercapacitor, a photoelectric conversion device, energy storage batteries, electrochemical sensors and other fields were discussed in detail. These applications fully proved that composites had a brighter future than pure graphene or carbon nanotube. In addition, the developments of composites are prospected. Preparations of grapheme/carbon nanotube composites are maturing, but a variety of methods have their drawbacks and shortcomings, to get preparation method with easy control operation, low production costs, high raw material utilization, good product quality needs further research and exploration. Preparations of the highly oriented columnar structures between the layers of graphene and carbon nanotube and three-dimensional structure with graphene helicaly inserted or wrapped carbon nanotubes still remain in the computer model. In the near future the studies of the composites will be deepen and extended to develop new fields.

Key words: graphene, carbon nanotube, composite, preparation, application