有机化学 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 2606-2624.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201804009 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

多孔有机聚合物材料的合成与荧光传感应用

庞楚明a, 罗时荷a, 郝志峰b, 高健a, 黄召昊a, 余家海a, 余思敏a, 汪朝阳a   

  1. a 华南师范大学化学与环境学院 教育部环境理论化学重点实验室 广州 510006;
    b 广东工业大学轻工化工学院 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-05 修回日期:2018-05-15 出版日期:2018-10-25 发布日期:2018-06-06
  • 通讯作者: 汪朝阳,E-mail:wangzy@scnu.edu.cn;郝志峰,E-mail:haozhifeng3377@163.com E-mail:wangzy@scnu.edu.cn;haozhifeng3377@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    华南师范大学大创计划(No.20181415)、广东省自然科学基金(No.2014A030313429)、广州市科技计划科学研究专项(No.201607010251)、广东省应用型科技研发专项(No.2016B090930004)、广东省科技计划(No.2017A010103016)资助项目.

Synthesis and Fluorescent Sensing Application of Porous Organic Polymer Materials

Pang Chuminga, Luo Shihea, Hao Zhifengb, Gao Jiana, Huang Zhaohaoa, Yu Jiahaia, Yu Simina, Wang Zhaoyanga   

  1. a Key Laboratory of Theoretical Chemistry of Environment, Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006;
    b School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006
  • Received:2018-04-05 Revised:2018-05-15 Online:2018-10-25 Published:2018-06-06
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201804009 E-mail:wangzy@scnu.edu.cn;haozhifeng3377@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Undergraduates Innovation Project of South China Normal University (No. 20181415), the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2014A030313429), the Guangzhou Science and Technology Project Scientific Special (No. 201607010251), the Applied Science and Technology Research and Development Special Foundation of Guangdong Province (No. 2016B090930004) and the Guangdong Provincial Science and Technology Project (No. 2017A010103016).

多孔有机聚合物荧光材料既具有孔隙度高的特点,也具有突出的荧光性能.当其骨架上存在与特定分析物(如硝基芳香爆炸物、金属离子、阴离子等)的结合位点时,便赋予其荧光传感的功能.按照不同多孔有机聚合物(POPs)材料的类型,即无定型的多孔有机聚合物材料、晶型含配位键的多孔金属有机框架(MOFs)材料、晶型共价有机框架(COFs)材料,综述了近年来多孔有机聚合物荧光材料的研究新进展,特别是它们基于有机功能分子的设计与合成,及其荧光传感应用.继续从分子层面设计新型的荧光COFs材料是未来可循环使用的高效荧光化学传感器的发展方向,值得关注.

关键词: 多孔有机聚合物材料, 设计与合成, 荧光传感应用, 硝基芳香爆炸物检测, 晶型共价有机框架材料

Porous organic polymer fluorescence materials have the characteristics of high porosity and outstanding fluorescence properties. The function of fluorescence sensing is given when the skeleton has binding sites with specific analytes, such as nitroaromatic explosives (NAEs), metal ions, anions, gases, organic solvents, etc. In this paper, according to the different types of porous organic polymer materials (POPs), namely the amorphous porous organic polymer materials, crystal porous metal organic framework materials (MOFs) containing coordination bond, and crystal covalent organic framework materials (COFs), the new progress of the POPs fluorescence materials in recent years is reviewed. Especially, the design and synthesis based on functional organic molecules, and their fluorescence sensing applications, are introduced in details. In the future, continuing to design new types of fluorescent COFs from the molecular level is a development direction of highly efficient and recyclable fluorescence chemosensors for detecting NAEs, metal ions, anions, etc.

Key words: porous organic polymer materials, design and synthesis, fluorescent sensing application, detection of nitroaromatic explosives, crystal covalent organic framework materials