有机化学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (2): 373-383.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201409023 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

吡喃盐化合物的合成及应用研究进展

叶俊伟, 王潇潇, 高远, 杨立健, 林源, 宁桂玲   

  1. 大连理工大学化工与环境生命学部化工学院 精细化工国家重点实验室 大连 116024
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-10 修回日期:2014-10-11 出版日期:2015-02-25 发布日期:2014-10-21
  • 通讯作者: 宁桂玲 E-mail:ninggl@dlut.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(Nos. 51003009, 20772014)、中央高校基本科研业务费(No. DUT14LK32)和辽宁省教育厅科学技术研究(No. L2014033)资助项目.

Research Progress on the Synthesis and Application of Pyrylium Salts

Ye Junwei, Wang Xiaoxiao, Gao Yuan, Yang Lijian, Lin Yuan, Ning Guiling   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals and School of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical, Environmental and Biological Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024
  • Received:2014-09-10 Revised:2014-10-11 Online:2015-02-25 Published:2014-10-21
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51003009, 20772014), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (No. DUT14LK32) and the Science and Technology Research Foundation of Education Department of Liaoning Province (No. L2014033).

吡喃盐是一类具有独特化学反应活性和光物理性质的杂环化合物, 在有机合成、生物传感和光电材料等许多领域展现了良好的应用前景. 结合本课题组的研究成果, 综述了α-非活性吡喃盐和α-活性吡喃盐化合物的合成研究进展, 并介绍了一些典型吡喃盐化合物在有机合成、光敏剂、离子液体和荧光传感材料等领域的应用.

关键词: 吡喃盐, 合成, α-活性, α-非活性

Pyrylium salts are a type of heterocyclic compounds with unique chemical reactivity and photophysical properties. They show great potential applications in the many fields such as organic synthesis, biosensor and organic optoelectronic materials. Based on our recent research results, in this review, the developments in the synthesis of both α-non-active pyrylium salts and α-active pyrylium salts are summarized, and the applications of some typical pyrylium salts in the organic synthesis, photosensitizers, ion liquid and fluorescent sensor are exemplified.

Key words: pyrylium salts, synthesis, α-active, α-non-active