Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2023, Vol. 81 ›› Issue (3): 222-230.DOI: 10.6023/A23010009 Previous Articles     Next Articles



王文涛a,*(), 赖欣婷a, 闫士全a, 朱雷a, 姚玉元a, 丁黎明b,*()   

  1. a 浙江理工大学 材料科学与工程学院 杭州 310018
    b 国家纳米科学中心 北京 100190
  • 投稿日期:2023-01-12 发布日期:2023-02-27
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(22178324); 国家自然科学基金(21908201); 浙江省自然科学基金(LY21B060011); 中国博士后科学基金(2020M671793)

Synergistic Treatment of Dye Wastewater by the Adsorption-Degradation of a Bifunctional Aerogel

Wentao Wanga(), Xinting Laia, Shiquan Yana, Lei Zhua, Yuyuan Yaoa, Liming Dingb()   

  1. a School of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
    b National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2023-01-12 Published:2023-02-27
  • Contact: E-mail:;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(22178324); National Natural Science Foundation of China(21908201); Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation(LY21B060011); China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2020M671793)

Dye wastewater with high toxicity and poor biodegradability poses a considerable threat to human health and the ecosystem. Although the adsorption effectively removes organic pollutants from wastewater, the pollutants are merely transferred from liquid phase to solid adsorbents. Destroying the adsorbed pollutants and regenerating adsorbents require additional treatments, which may cause secondary harm to the environment. In addition to the removal of organic pollutants by adsorption, the pollutants can be oxidatively degraded by oxidative radicals that are generated in peroxymonosulfate (PMS)-based advanced oxidation technology. However, the degradation efficiency of organic pollutants treated by advanced oxidation technology may be affected by complex components of dye wastewater. Herein, Fe-doped cellulose nanofiber/reduced graphene oxide aerogel (CNFs/RGO/Fe) was prepared and served as both adsorbent and catalyst in advanced oxidation process for dyes wastewater treatment. The morphology and chemical composition of the composite aerogel were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). It was proved that CNFs/RGO/Fe possessed layered porous structures, which are beneficial for the transport, diffusion, and adsorption of pollutants. The uniform loading of Fe0 and Fe3O4 particles on the aerogel skeleton contributed to the efficient activation of PMS. The results of the adsorption experiment showed that the CNFs/RGO/Fe exhibited excellent selective adsorption for cationic dyes. The maximum adsorption capacity of methylene blue (MB), rhodamine B (RhB), and crystal violet (CV) on CNFs/RGO/Fe were 655.1 mg/g, 696.5 mg/g, and 962.1 mg/g, respectively. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Langmuir isothermal model fitted well with the adsorption process of CNFs/RGO/Fe for cationic dyes. After adsorption, the CNFs/RGO/Fe was immersed in PMS solution separately to study the degradation performance for the adsorbate. The results showed that CNFs/RGO/Fe could promote the activation of PMS to generate a large amount of •OH, leading to the degradation of adsorbate and the regeneration of adsorbent. In addition, the synergistic adsorption-degradation process established by CNFs/RGO/Fe achieved over 75% removal of dyes even after 5 cycles, indicating CNFs/RGO/Fe had good repeatability. The study on the synergistic treatment of dye wastewater by adsorption-degradation is expected to provide a new perspective for the removal of organic pollutants in complex water.

Key words: adsorption, degradation, aerogel, advanced oxidation technology, dye wastewater