Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2016, Vol. 74 ›› Issue (10): 789-799.DOI: 10.6023/A16070360 Previous Articles     Next Articles



黄国家, 陈志刚, 李茂东, 杨波, 辛明亮, 李仕平, 尹宗杰   

  1. 广州特种承压设备检测研究院 广东省质量监督石墨烯及功能产品检验站 广州 510663
  • 投稿日期:2016-07-24 发布日期:2016-10-20
  • 通讯作者: 陈志刚,;Tel.:020-32121388-8331
  • 作者简介:黄国家,男,博士.主要从事新型聚合物材料的合成与改性应用研究.以第一作者在Journal of Materials Chemistry,Applied Physics Letters,Polymer Degradation and Stability等杂志发表SCI收录论文4篇.曾参研国家"973"计划项目和国家自然科学基金项目等6项;陈志刚,男,高级工程师.出版专著1部,制修订行业标准3项,省市地方标准5项,获得发明专利授权5件,实用新型专利授权14件.主持过多项国家质检总局科技项目、广东省科技厅应用型专项等,获省部级科技奖励2项;李茂东,男,教授级高级工程师,广州市"121"梯队人才,2012年度"广东省劳动模范".出版专著2部,获得国家发明专利授权3件,实用新型和外观专利授权18件,发表专业技术论文60余篇,负责起草国家和省市地方标准近40项;杨波,男,博士,高级工程师.发表论文20余篇,其中SCI收录5篇,国际会议论文4篇,获得发明专利授权3件,实用新型专利授权8件.曾参与国家"973"计划项目、国家"863"计划重大项目、中科院重大科研装备研制项目、广东省科技厅应用型专项等;辛明亮,男,博士.主要从事高分子材料的改性研究.在Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry、Polymer Bulletin等国际杂志以第一作者发表SCI收录论文5篇,中文核心期刊4篇.
  • 基金资助:


Surface Functional Modification of Graphene and Graphene Oxide

Huang Guojia, Chen Zhigang, Li Maodong, Yang Bo, Xin Mingliang, Li Shiping, Yin Zongjie   

  1. The Quality Supervision & Inspection Station of Graphene & Its Functional Products of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou Special Pressure Equipment Inspection and Research Institute, Guangzhou 510663, China
  • Received:2016-07-24 Published:2016-10-20
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Science and Technology Planning Project of Guangdong Province (Nos. 2015B020240002, 2015A030401059).

Graphene and graphene oxide have attracted tremendous interest over the past decade due to their unique electronic, optical, mechanical, and chemical properties. Pristine graphene is desirable for applications that require a high electrical conductivity, while many other applications require modified or functionalized forms such as graphene oxide due to its good dispersibility in various solvents. Surface functional modification of graphene and graphene oxide is of crucial importance for their broad applications. Functionalization of graphene enables this material to be processed by solvent assisted techniques, such as layer-by-layer assembly, filtration. It also prevents the agglomeration of single layer graphene and maintains the inherent properties. Structurally modifying graphene and graphene oxide through chemical functionalization reveals the numerous possibilities for tuning its structure. Several chemical and physical functionalization methods have been explored to improve the stabilization and modification of graphene. This review focuses on the surface functional modification of graphene and graphene oxide. The preparation method, basic structure and properties of graphene and graphene oxide were briefly described firstly. On the one hand, in the light of bonding characteristic, the surface functionalization of graphene and graphene oxide is divided into non-covalent binding modification, covalent binding modification and elemental doping. On the other hand, non-covalent functionalization contains four categories: π-π stacking, hydrogen bonding, ionic bonding effect and electrostatic interaction. Meanwhile, covalently functionalization includes four categories: carbon skeleton modification, hydroxy modification, carboxy modification and epoxy group modification due to the reactive functional groups. Doping functionalization consists of N, B, P and other different elements. According to the classification of surface structure characteristics, selected typical case has described the functional modification process in detail. The properties and application prospects of the modified products are also summarized. Finally, current challenges and future research directions are also presented in terms of surface functional modification for graphene and graphene oxide.

Key words: graphene, graphene oxide, functionalization, modification