有机化学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 2187-2202.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201703002 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

硼基路易斯酸-过渡金属配合物:新型双功能催化剂(英文)

李胤午a, 张鉴予a, 舒思桅b, 邵佑湘a, 刘艳b, 柯卓锋a   

  1. a 中山大学材料科学与工程学院 聚合物复合材料及功能材料教育部重点实验室 广州 510275;
    b 广东工业大学化学工程与轻工业学院 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2017-03-01 修回日期:2017-05-27 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-07-14
  • 通讯作者: 刘艳, 柯卓锋 E-mail:yanliu@gdut.edu.cn;kezhf3@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(Nos.21673301,21473261,21502023)、广东省自然科学杰出青年基金(No.2015A030306027)资助项目.

Boron-Based Lewis Acid Transition Metal Complexes as Potential Bifunctional Catalysts

Li Yinwua, Zhang Jianyua, Shu Siweib, Shao Youxianga, Liu Yanb, Ke Zhuofenga   

  1. a Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composite & Functional Materials of Ministry of Education, School of Materials Science & Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275;
    b School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006
  • Received:2017-03-01 Revised:2017-05-27 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-07-14
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201703002 E-mail:yanliu@gdut.edu.cn;kezhf3@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21673301, 21473261, 21502023) and the Guangdong Natural Science Funds for Distinguished Young Scholar (No. 2015A030306027).

路易斯酸-过渡金属(LA-TM)配合物作为一种新型的双功能催化剂崭露头角.有别于传统的过渡金属双功能催化剂,LA-TM催化剂另辟蹊跷,用路易斯酸功能位点作为电子受体,过渡金属作为电子给体,进行新型的双功能催化.近期,LA-TM配合物迅速发展.依据其键合特点,对硼基LA-TM配合物进行综述,包括sp3杂化、sp2杂化和sp杂化的硼基LA-TM配合物,并归纳了其在LA-TM催化方面的潜在应用,包括H-H/E-H/E-E键活化、氢化、硅氢化和转移脱氢化等等.本综述有望将为开拓LA-TM双功能催化的新领域提供有价值的信息.

关键词: 路易斯酸, 过渡金属, 双功能催化, 硼, 活化, 加氢, 脱氢

Lewis acid-transition metal (LA-TM) complexes, with the LA site functions as an electron acceptor and the TM center functions as an electron donor, have been emerging as a new type of bifunctional catalysts lately, different from traditional transition metal bifunctional catalysts. Due to their rapid developments recently, the boron-based LA-TM complexes, which are divided into three major types, the sp3, sp2, and sp boron-based complexes, are reviewed in this paper according to their binding features. Reactions promoted by this new type of LA-TM bifunctional catalysts have been surveyed, including migration reactions, activation of H-H/E-H/E-E bonds, hydrogenations, hydrosilylations, and transfer dehydrogenation reactions etc. This overview of boron-based LA-TM complexes could provide valuable information to explore the new horizon in LA-TM bifunctional catalysis.

Key words: Lewis acid, transition metal, bifunctional catalysis, boron, activation, hydrogenation, dehydrogenation