有机化学 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 3279-3288.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc202004022 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

石墨烯共价修饰中的有机反应

郝冰洁a,b,c, 宋涛a, 黄晓宇b,c, 叶茂a, 钱文昊a   

  1. a 上海市徐汇区牙病防治所 上海 200032;
    b 上海科技大学物质科学与技术学院 上海 201210;
    c 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所 上海 200032
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-14 修回日期:2020-05-04 发布日期:2020-05-11
  • 通讯作者: 黄晓宇, 钱文昊 E-mail:pingyanlaoto@163.com;xyhuang@mail.sioc.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(No.51773222)、上海市自然科学基金(No.20ZR1452200)、上海市徐汇区科学技术委员会(No.SHXH201613)、上海市徐汇区医学尖峰学科(No.SHXH201706)、上海市医学领军人才(No.2019LJ27)和上海市医学重点专科(No.ZK2019B12)资助项目.

Organic Reactions in Covalent Functionalization of Graphene

Hao Bingjiea,b,c, Song Taoa, Huang Xiaoyub,c, Ye Maoa, Qian Wenhaoa   

  1. a Department of Stomatology, Shanghai Xuhui District Dental Center, Shanghai 200032;
    b Shanghaitech University, School of Physical Science and Technology, Shanghai 201210;
    c Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032
  • Received:2020-04-14 Revised:2020-05-04 Published:2020-05-11
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51773222), the Shanghai Scientific and Technological Innovation Project (No. 20ZR1452200), the Scientific Research Project of Science and Technology Commission of Xuhui Municipality (No. SHXH201613), the Scientific Research Project of Xuhui Provincial Commission of Health and Family Planning (No. SHXH201706), the Program for Outstanding Medical Academic Leader (No. 2019LJ27) and the Shanghai Medical Key Specialty (No. ZK2019B12).

石墨烯及氧化石墨烯结构独特,理化性质优异,近年来成为生物、信息、能源等领域极具应用潜力的材料.基于石墨烯类材料,与功能分子、聚合物和纳米粒子等杂化,可得到性能优越的复合材料.除了基于弱相互作用的修饰外,通过有机反应对石墨烯及氧化石墨烯实现共价修饰,可稳定有效地优化其结构、增强其性能、扩展其应用.综述了近年来化学共价修饰石墨烯及氧化石墨烯的酯化反应、酰化反应、Williamson反应和Claisen重排反应、Click化学等途径,阐述了有机化学在共价功能化石墨烯中的应用,并展望了其未来发展趋势.

关键词: 石墨烯, 氧化石墨烯, 共价修饰, 有机反应

Graphene and graphene oxide possess unique structure and excellent properties, and have become popular potential materials in biology, information, energy and other fields in recent years. The high-quality nanocomposites were obtained by hybridizing graphene-based materials with functional molecules, polymers and nanoparticles. Besides the modification via weak interaction, covalent modification of graphene and graphene oxide via organic reaction can stably and effectively optimize the structure, enhance their performances and extend their applications. In this review, the diverse approaches of chemically covalent modification of graphene and graphene oxide are reviewed via esterification, acylation, Williamson reaction, Eschenmoser-Claisen[3,3] σ rearrangement and click chemistry, and the future development trend is prospected.

Key words: graphene, graphene oxide, covalent functionalization, organic reactions