有机化学 ›› 2006, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (08): 1031-1038. 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

功能化的离子液体: 手性离子液体的合成与应用

刘伟山,陶国宏,何玲,寇元*   

  1. (北京大学化学与分子工程学院 分子动态与稳态结构国家重点实验室 绿色化学研究中心 北京 100871)
  • 收稿日期:2005-06-07 修回日期:2005-12-27 出版日期:2006-07-26 发布日期:2006-07-26
  • 通讯作者: 寇元

Functional Ionic Liquids: Synthesis and Application ofChiral Ionic Liquids

LIU Wei-Shan,TAO Guo-Hong,HE Ling,KOU Yuan*   

  1. (State Key Laboratory for Structural Chemistry of Unstable and Stable Species, Green Chemistry Centre, College of
    Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871)
  • Received:2005-06-07 Revised:2005-12-27 Online:2006-07-26 Published:2006-07-26
  • Contact: KOU Yuan

手性在化学中占有重要地位. 利用离子液体特殊的结构可调性质, 将手性引入到离子液体结构中, 可以获得具有手性的离子液体, 从而可能广泛应用于手性合成、手性分离、手性催化等领域. 汇总了至今报道的手性离子液体, 从离子液体功能化设计的角度探讨其合成方法. 针对手性离子液体可能的发展方向, 再次强调了由天然手性源设计合成离子液体遵循的三个标准.

关键词: 手性, 合成, 应用, 离子液体, 功能化

Chirality shows an important role in chemistry. Ionic liquids have a special character different from common organic solvents for their alterable structures. Chiral ionic liquids can be gotten when chirality is induced to ionic liquids. They may be used to chiral synthesis, chiral separation, or chiral catalysis. Those chiral ionic liquids reported before are presented in this review, and discussed especially from the viewpoint of designing functionalized ionic liquids. Three criteria for designing and synthesizing ionic liquids from natural chiral materials are brought out.

Key words: chiral, synthesis, functionalized, application, ionic liquid