有机化学 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 1244-1262.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201811029 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

异呋咱含能化合物合成及性能研究进展

薛琪a,b, 毕福强a,b, 张家荣a,b, 张俊林a,b, 王伯周a,b, 张生勇a,c   

  1. a 西安近代化学研究所 西安 710065;
    b 氟氮化工资源高效开发与利用国家重点实验室 西安 710065;
    c 空军军医大学药学系 西安 710032
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-23 修回日期:2019-01-13 出版日期:2019-05-25 发布日期:2019-01-31
  • 通讯作者: 王伯周, 张生勇 E-mail:wbz600@163.com;syzhang@fmmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.21243007)资助项目.

Advances in the Synthesis and Properties of the Isofurazan Energetic Compounds

Xue Qia,b, Bi Fuqianga,b, Zhang Jiaronga,b, Zhang Junlina,b, Wang Bozhoua,b, Zhang Shengyonga,c   

  1. a Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Instritute, Xi'an 710065;
    b State Key Laboratory of Fluorine & Nitrogen Chemical, Xi'an 710065;
    c School of Pharmacy, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032
  • Received:2018-11-23 Revised:2019-01-13 Online:2019-05-25 Published:2019-01-31
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201811029 E-mail:wbz600@163.com;syzhang@fmmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21243007).

异呋咱涵盖1,3,4-噁二唑和1,2,4-噁二唑,是一类用于构成高能钝感含能材料的基本单元.此类化合物已成为含能材料领域的研究热点之一.概述了两大类异呋咱含能化合物及其含能衍生物的最新研究进展,着重探讨了异呋咱环化反应机理和构建方法,介绍了代表性异呋咱含能化合物的物化和爆轰性能,并对其发展前景进行了展望.

关键词: 异呋咱, 含能化合物, 合成, 爆轰性能

Isofurazan is composed of 1,3,4-oxadiazole and 1,2,4-oxadiazole, and the isofurazan compounds have gained considerable prominence as energetic compounds. This review focues on the two major classes of isofurazan energetic compounds and their energetic derivatives. The cyclization methods and reaction mechanism of isofurazans are presented. Several energetic compounds of isofurazans with excellent performances are highlighted, and their main physicochemical properties and detonation performances and their development prospect are discussed.

Key words: isofurazan, energetic compound, synthesis, detonation performances