Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 336-345.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201508023 Previous Articles     Next Articles



褚衍环, 韩辉, 李维, 刘振涛, 韩相恩   

  1. 中国矿业大学化工学院 徐州 221000
  • 收稿日期:2015-08-25 修回日期:2015-09-29 发布日期:2015-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 韩相恩
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金(No. 2015XKZD08)资助项目

Synthesis and Characteristics of Novel Tröger's Bases with the Properties of Aggregation-Induced Emission

Chu Yanhuan, Han Hui, Li Wei, Liu Zhentao, Han Xiang'en   

  1. China University of Mining and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, Xuzhou 221000
  • Received:2015-08-25 Revised:2015-09-29 Published:2015-10-26
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2015XKZD08)

Λ-shaped geometry configuration of Tröger's base (TB) is theoretically disadvantages to form π-π close stacking, which commonly results in fluorescence quenching in the solid state. A number of Λ-shaped cyano styrene based on Tröger's base (compounds 1a, 2a, 3a and 4a) was firstly developed with the structure of D-π-C-π-D which exhibited a typical aggregation-induced emission (AIE) behavior via Knoevenagel reaction with high yield. The thiophene ring was successful introduced into the Tröger's base skeleton firstly to obtain novel compound 5a with good solid luminescence via palladium-catalyzed Heck coupling reaction. The phenyl groups and thiophene ring were used as the electron donor and TB was used as a nucleus. All of these compounds were characterized and confirmed by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS spectra. All of the compounds were highly emissive in the condensed phase. In addition, compounds 1a, 2a, 3a and 4a were weakly fluorescent in solutions, but compound 5a exhibited blue emission strongly in solution, which revealed distinct aggregation-induced emission characteristics. The photo-physical properties of these compounds were studied in detail. We aimed at verifying the AIE properties of these compounds mainly. And the results showed a significant increase in fluorescence of these compounds with the addition of water, indicating that the synthesized compounds really have apparent AIE behavior. The solvent effect behavior was investigated to evaluate the effect of the solvent polarity on compounds 1a, 2a and 5a. Compound 2a showed some solvent effect, and all the emission peaks were red-shifted due to the increasing of the polarity of the solvents, indicating that a significant ICT effect existed in these compounds. In summary, in the process of the exploration of highly emissive organic solids, a new design strategy was presented and a new system of AIE materials was established. This study reveals that when constructing aggregation-induced emission molecules using substituent groups with expanded π-conjugation and introduction of appropriate steric hindrance on the substituent groups can restrict the formation of excimers effectively, hence achieving efficient solid state emission, which are expected to be used in electroluminescent field with potential value.

Key words: trö, ger's base, π-&pi, close stacking, knoevenagel reaction, cyano styrene, aggregation-induced emission