Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 1197-1207.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201512024 Previous Articles     Next Articles



张俊林, 肖川, 翟连杰, 王锡杰, 毕福强, 王伯周   

  1. 西安近代化学研究所西安 710065
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-19 修回日期:2016-01-07 发布日期:2016-02-02
  • 通讯作者: 毕福强, 王伯周;
  • 基金资助:


Synthesis and Properties of the Fused Aza-polynitrocyclic Compounds

Zhang Junlin, Xiao Chuan, Zhai Lianjie, Wang Xijie, Bi Fuqiang, Wang Bozhou   

  1. Xi'an Modern Chemistry Research Instritute, Xi'an 710065
  • Received:2015-12-19 Revised:2016-01-07 Published:2016-02-02
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21503162).

Fused aza-polycyclic structures play an important role in the synthesis of energetic compounds and the presence of NNO2 groups renders them a rich source of energy. Currently, fused aza-polynitrocyclic compounds have gained considerable prominence as novel energetic compounds. This review focuses on the synthesis of various ring skeletons of the aza-bicyclic, aza-polycyclic and aza-propellane-derivatized energetic compounds as well as the studies of N-nitration, physicochemistry and detonation properties. The synthesis of pentaaza[3.3.3]propellane and hexaaza[3.3.3]propellane is highlighted and N-nitration explorations of these high-strained unstable skeletons are discussed in details.

Key words: energetic compounds, fused aza-polycyclic structure, synthesis, N-nitration, properties