Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2015, Vol. 73 ›› Issue (6): 480-486.DOI: 10.6023/A15020138 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 共价有机多孔聚合物



吴可义, 郭佳   

  1. 聚合物分子工程国家重点实验室 高分子及其先进复合材料协同创新中心 复旦大学高分子科学系 上海 200433
  • 投稿日期:2015-02-21 发布日期:2015-05-06
  • 通讯作者: 郭佳
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21474015)与上海市科委(No. 14ZR1402300)资助.

Controllable Synthesis of Multi-Scale Conjugated Microporous Polymer

Wu Keyi, Guo Jia   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Collaborative Innovation Center of Polymers and Polymer Composite Materials, Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:2015-02-21 Published:2015-05-06
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21474015) and the Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (No. 14ZR1402300).

As it was firstly reported in 2007, conjugated microporous polymer (CMP) has been constructed by a diversity of conjugation building blocks towards a three-dimensional rigid organic framework with the form of insoluble and infusible solid powders. Although CMP has showed the collective characteristics such as exceptional porosity, stable network structure and versatile functionality for potential applications and broad prospects in many fields, the problem of processability concerning this kind of material has not been overcome yet. To take full advantage of their features and break through the application scopes from adsorption and separation to energy and environment such as photoelectric transformation, sensing and catalysis, modulation of growth and formation of CMP in multiple scales is highly anticipated, giving rise to the micro/nanometer-size CMP microspheres and macroscopic CMP films, coatings or gels. Unambiguously, such well-organized forms either have the improved solution properties for further processing, or appear membranes directly assembled into devices. Looking back at the progress of CMP studies in recent years, there are four strategies reported to explore multi-scale CMPs, including (1) soluble CMP-like polymer, (2) solution-dispersible CMP microspheres, (3) CMP-based (composite) film, and (4) CMP-supporting organogel. In these studies, the novel polymerization methods, new catalysts or functional monomers were adopted; the resulting CMPs could be processed, assembled or combined with other materials in solution, and have greatly promoted the performances of optical sensing, photoelectric conversion, energy storage and heterogeneous catalysis on intended devices. It is noted that the reported methodologies have some limitation, but upon the creative ideas and vast explorations, CMP is going to be one important branch of porous materials with promising perspectives.

Key words: conjugated polymer, porosity, processability, solubility, microsphere, film, gel