Acta Chim. Sinica ›› 2017, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (12): 1207-1214.DOI: 10.6023/A17050220 Previous Articles    

Article

γ-Fe2O3纳米立方块修饰的Graphene/CdS复合光催化材料的合成及性能研究

吴佳佳, 季振源, 沈小平, 缪绪立, 徐克强   

  1. 江苏大学化学化工学院 镇江 212013
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-21 出版日期:2017-12-15 发布日期:2017-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 沈小平,E-mail:xiaopingshen@163.com E-mail:xiaopingshen@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.51272094,51602129)和江苏省自然科学基金(Nos.BK20171295,BK20150507)资助.

Synthesis of γ-Fe2O3 Nanocubes Decorated Graphene/CdS Nanocomposites with Enhanced Photocatalytic Performance

Wu Jiajia, Ji Zhenyuan, Shen Xiaoping, Miao Xuli, Xu Keqiang   

  1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013 China
  • Received:2017-05-21 Online:2017-12-15 Published:2017-10-10
  • Contact: 10.6023/A17050220 E-mail:xiaopingshen@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51272094, 51602129) and the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Nos. BK20171295, BK20150507).

With Prussian blue (PB) as the precursor for γ-Fe2O3, the tri-component CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 photocatalyst was prepared through loading PB nanocubes and CdS nanoparticles on graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets, followed by a calcination process in inert atmosphere (N2). The content of γ-Fe2O3 in the CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 photocatalyst can be adjusted by changing the loading amount of PB, and the cubic morphology of PB was maintained after the calcination. The composition, structure, morphology and light absorption of the as-prepared products were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), Raman spectroscopy and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity of the ternary photocatalysts was evaluated by the degradation of the organic pollutant of Rhodamine B (RhB) under visible-light irradiation. It was found that the degradation process of RhB follows pseudo-first-order kinetics. Compared to the bi-component CdS/RGO photocatalyst, the tri-component CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 exhibited greatly enhanced photocatalytic activity, demonstrating that the γ-Fe2O3 played an important role in the photocatalytic process. The CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 composite with PB loading amount of 12 mg exhibits the highest photocatalytic degradation efficiency of about 99.8% and the highest apparent reaction rate constant (k) value of about 0.03289 min-1, which is almost 2.9 times and 1.8 times higher than that of CdS and CdS/RGO, respectively. This result indicates that a suitable loading amount of γ-Fe2O3 is important to optimize the photocatalytic performance of the CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 composites. Moreover, owing to the ferromagnetism of γ-Fe2O3, the CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 photocatalyst could be easily separated from the reaction solution for recycling by a magnet. A possible photocatalytic mechanism was also proposed based on the photoluminescence (PL) characterization and the active species capture experiment. It was demonstrated that the enhanced photocatalytic degradation properties of CdS/RGO/γ-Fe2O3 composites can be ascribed to the excellent conductivity of RGO and the construction of Z-scheme heterostructure between CdS and γ-Fe2O3, which facilitate the transport and separation of photogenerated carriers.

Key words: γ-Fe2O3, graphene, CdS, photocatalysis, mechanism