Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 78 ›› Issue (10): 1089-1095.DOI: 10.6023/A20060280 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 分子探针与纳米生物学



郑斌a, 程盛c, 董华泽a, 朱金苗a, 韩钰a, 杨亮a, 胡进明b   

  1. a 合肥师范学院 化学与化学工程学院 合肥 230061;
    b 中国科学技术大学 高分子科学与工程系 合肥 230026;
    c 合肥工业大学 分析测试中心 合肥 230009
  • 投稿日期:2020-06-30 发布日期:2020-08-21
  • 通讯作者: 胡进明
  • 基金资助:

Construction of Nitric Oxide (NO)-Responsive Fluorescent Polymer and Its Application in Cell Imaging

Zheng Bina, Cheng Shengc, Dong Huazea, Zhu Jinmiaoa, Han Yua, Yang Lianga, Hu Jinmingb   

  1. a School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hefei Normal University, Hefei 230061, China;
    b Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;
    c Instrumental Analysis Center, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
  • Received:2020-06-30 Published:2020-08-21
  • Supported by:
    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21504021), the Foundation of Educational Committee of Anhui Province (KJ2019A0719), the Excellent Talent Foundation of Education Department of Anhui Province (gxyq2019066), the Key R&D Program of Anhui Province (202004a07020020), and the 136 talent plan of Hefei Normal University.

Nitric oxide (NO) is a ubiquitous physiological signal messenger, but the use of NO as a trigger event to delicately tune the self-assembly behaviors of biomimetic polymers has been far less exploited. In this work, a single primary amine-containing 2-(3-(2-aminophenyl)ureido)ethyl methacrylate (APUEMA) monomer was first synthesized by the reaction between o-phenylenediamine and 2-isocyanatoethyl methacrylate. Then, the well-defined double hydrophilic block copolymer (DHBC), poly[oligo(ethylene glycol)methyl ether methacrylate]-b-poly[2-(3-(2-aminophenyl)ureido)ethyl methacrylate-co-4-(2-methylacryloyloxyethylamino)-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole)] (POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD)), was synthesized via sequential reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. Since there is a free amine group in the APUEMA monomer, it can be competent to quench the fluorescence of dyes and react with NO showing NO-responsiveness property. The reaction product of APUEMA and NO was purified by column chromatography, and 1H and 13C NMR results displayed the formation of urea-functionalized benzotriazole residual. The pKa values of APUEMA monomer and POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) block polymer were measured to be 3.36 and 2.15, respectively, indicating that APUEMA monomer and PAPUEMA moieties of POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) showed hydrophilic ability at acidic medium and hydrophobic ability at neutral medium. The aqueous solution of POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) block copolymer exhibited a small diameter with about 5.0 nm at pH 2.0, which illustrates that block copolymer can dissolve into water with a unimer state. After changing the solution pH value to 7, the solution diameter increased to about 10 nm recorded by dynamic light scattering (DLS). Transmission electron microscope (TEM) results displayed micelles of POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) block copolymer aqueous solution with spherical structures at pH 7.4. Furthermore, the fluorescence intensity of the block copolymer solution was decreased quickly after the pH value increased from 2 to 7. The NO-responsive property of block copolymer POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) was also detected by DLS and fluorescent spectrometry methods. At pH 2.0, the diameter of the block copolymer aqueous solution increased from 5 nm to about 150 nm upon sparging with NO for 24 h. At pH 7.0, the diameter of block copolymer micelles increased from 10 nm to about 100 nm after exposure to NO for 24 h. The transmittance of POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) block copolymer aqueous solution at pH 2.0 or pH 7.0 decreased upon NO addition, which were in accorded with DLS results. Moreover, the fluorescence intensity of the block copolymer solution at pH 2.0 improved rapidly upon sparging with NO for 0.5 h, implying that the NO-triggered self-assembly of micelles decreased environmental polarity. The fluorescence intensity decreased with further addition. The fluorescence intensity of block copolymer micelles at pH 7.0 exhibited 15-fold increased after addition with NO for 24 h. The in vitro study of block copolymer POEGMA-b-P(APUEMA-co-NBD) was conducted in normal MRC-5 cells. The block copolymer showed negligible cytotoxicity even at the block copolymer concentration of 100 g/mL. We herein report on a novel pH-responsive DHBC with unique NO-reactive feature, where NO can spontaneously trigger the self-assembly and morphological transformation in acidic and neutral milieus, respectively. After the introduction of fluorophores, these transitions are also associated with significant fluorescence turn-on due to eliminations of photoinduced electron transfer (PET) process in the presence of NO, imparting the opportunities to visualize intracellular NO.

Key words: nitric oxide, responsive, fluorescent probe, imaging