Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2013, Vol. 71 ›› Issue (03): 443-450.DOI: 10.6023/A12100794 Previous Articles     Next Articles



熊必涛a, 朱志艳b, 王长荣a, 陈宝信a, 骆钧炎a   

  1. a 浙江科技学院 理学院应用物理系 杭州 310023;
    b 浙江理工大学 理学院物理系 杭州 310018
  • 投稿日期:2012-10-18 发布日期:2013-01-04
  • 通讯作者: 熊必涛,朱志艳;
  • 基金资助:


Supersonic Anodization Preparation of Thin Titanium Oxide Nanotube Arrays Films

Xiong Bitaoa, Zhu Zhiyanb, Wang Changronga, Chen Baoxina, Luo Junyana   

  1. a Department of Applied Physics, School of Science, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China;
    b Department of Physics, School of Sciences, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2012-10-18 Published:2013-01-04
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11247314, 11272287), the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation (Nos. Y6100171, Y6110467) and Start-up Research Foundation of Zhejiang University of Science and Technology (No. F501108C01).

Thin titanium oxide nanotube arrays (TNAs) films were synthesized by supersonic anodization of titanium foil in an aqueous dimethyl sulfoxide solution containing HF. After anodization, TNAs up to 680 nm in length, 25 nm inner pore diameter, and 3~5 nm wall thickness were obtained. Their microstructure and surface morphologies were characterized by XRD and TEM. The optical absorption performances, cyclic voltammograms characteristics and light chemical conversion efficiencies of these films were tested. The results implied that the TNAs films have an outstanding accelerated electronic transportation and compressed recombination rate. Electrodes applying such kind of titania nanotubes will have a potential to further enhance the TNAs-based dye-sensitized solar cells efficiencies. The sonoelectrochemical mechanism of TNAs films formation was discussed along with the characterization and analysis of their films morphologies. TNAs were grown from a starting titanium sheet (20~50 mm wide, 99.9% purity) degreased by super-sonicating in 1:1 acetone and ethanol, followed by rinsing with deionized water and drying in air. Electrochemical anodization of titanium was carried out using a DC power supply (Chenghua, Shanghai, 0~60 V, 0~5 A), interfaced to a computer and equipped with a programmable function to control the current and voltage during an electrochemical process. Anodic films were grown from titanium by 40 V potentiostatic anodization in dimethyl sulfoxide containing 0.5 mol·L-1 HF (standard 48% aqueous HF) for 24 h using a platinum foil counter electrode. The as-anodized nanotubes were amorphous, with crystallinity induced by a subsequent 300~600 ℃ anneal for 6 h in an ambient air with heating and cooling rates of 1 ℃/min. Surface morphologies of the TNAs and titania nanoparticles electrodes were studied using a JEM-2010 transmission electron microscopy (Tokyo, Japan). The crystalline phases were detected and identified by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) on a D8 ADVANCE powder X-ray diffractometer (Bruker, Germany). The ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorbance spectra of the samples were measured using a HP-8453 UV-Visible spectrophotometer (Hewlett-Packard, US, 1 nm resolution) in combination with a Labsphere RSA-HP-53 diffuse reflectance and transmittance integrator (North Sutton, NH).

Key words: TiO2 nanotube arrays, dye-sensitized solar cells, anodization, mechanism