有机化学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 2609-2618.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201704024 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

多共轭硝基二烯炔/硝基烯炔的合成以及应用研究进展

刘腾, 刘建军, 贺池先, 成飞翔   

  1. 曲靖师范学院 云贵高原化学功能材料与污染治理研究中心 曲靖 655011
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-13 修回日期:2017-05-23 出版日期:2017-10-25 发布日期:2017-06-02
  • 通讯作者: 刘腾 E-mail:liut_yqzhin@mail.qjnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.21261019)资助项目.

Recent Progress on Polyconjugated Nitrodienynes/Nitroenynes:Synthesis and Applications

Liu Teng, Liu Jianjun, He Chixian, Cheng Feixiang   

  1. Yunnan Guizhou Plateau Chemical Functional Materials Pollution Control Research Center, Qujing Normal University, Qujing 655011
  • Received:2017-04-13 Revised:2017-05-23 Online:2017-10-25 Published:2017-06-02
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201704024 E-mail:liut_yqzhin@mail.qjnu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21261019).

多共轭硝基二烯炔/硝基烯炔作为硝基烯的衍生物,是一类良好的亲电体,在有机合成领域得到了较为广泛地应用.由于其共轭体系的存在,反应时存在多个反应位点.因此,反应过程中存在区域选择性竞争反应,如1,4-加成反应、1,6-加成反应甚至1,8-加成反应.对硝基二烯炔/硝基烯炔的合成以及在有机合成中的应用研究进展进行综述.

关键词: 硝基二烯炔, 硝基烯炔, 有机合成中的应用, 区域选择性, 共轭加成

Polyconjugated nitrodienynes/nitroenynes as nitroolefin derivatives are good kind of electrophiles and have been widely used in organic synthesis. There are multiple reaction sites due to the conjugated system. Therefore, competitive reactions of regioselectivity in the reaction process are existence, such as 1,4-addition reaction, 1,6-addition reaction, and even 1,8-addition reaction. The recent progress of the synthesis of nitrodienynes/nitroenynes and their applications in organic synthesis are summarized.

Key words: nitrodienyne, nitroenyne, organic synthesis application, regioselectivity, conjugate addition