Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 2498-2511.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201705003 Previous Articles     Next Articles

REVIEW

过硫酸盐促进的自由基反应进展

赵景峰, 段新华, 郭丽娜   

  1. 西安交通大学理学院化学系 西安 710049
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-02 修回日期:2017-06-22 出版日期:2017-10-25 发布日期:2017-07-04
  • 通讯作者: 郭丽娜 E-mail:guoln81@xjtu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    陕西省自然科学基础研究计划(No.2016JZ002)资助项目.

Recent Advances in Persulfates-Promoted Radical Reaction

Zhao Jingfeng, Duan Xinhua, Guo Li'na   

  1. Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049
  • Received:2017-05-02 Revised:2017-06-22 Online:2017-10-25 Published:2017-07-04
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201705003 E-mail:guoln81@xjtu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province (No.2016JZ002).

As cheap, environmentally friendly, easily handled strong oxidants, persulfates have been widely used in organic synthesis. It is well known that persulfates may decompose to sulfate radical anions (SO4) under heating, light irradiation or transition-metal reductive conditions. Studies indicate that the sulfate radical anion is a powerful single-electron oxidant, which can oxidize a variety of neutral molecules and anions to give the corresponding radicals. The new generated radicals can further undergo a series of chemical transformations to provide structurally diverse and useful compounds. Recent radical reactions promoted by persulfates are summarized. The full text contains five parts. In the first and second parts, recent advance in the radical cyclization reactions and functionalization of C-H bonds promoted by persulfates is discussed. The third part introduced the persulfates-mediated photocatalytic reactions. The fourth part emphasized persulfates-promoted other free radical reactions. Finally, some perspectives on the future development of this chemistry are given.

Key words: persulfates, sulfate radical anions, radical, cyclization, C—H functionalization