Chin. J. Org. Chem. ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1557-1567.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201903043 Previous Articles     Next Articles

Special Issue: 元素有机化学合辑2018-2019 金属有机化学

Reviews

碱土金属有机氢化物的研究进展

石向辉a, 刘知洲a,b, 程建华a,b   

  1. a 中国科学院长春应用化学研究所 高分子物理与化学国家重点实验室 长春 130022;
    b 中国科学技术大学应用化学与工程学院 合肥 230029
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-21 修回日期:2019-04-23 发布日期:2019-05-06
  • 通讯作者: 程建华 E-mail:jhcheng@ciac.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(No.21672202)及中国科学院"百人计划"资助项目.

Research Progress of Molecular Alkaline-Earth Metal Hydrides

Shi Xianghuia, Liu Zhizhoua,b, Cheng Jianhuaa,b   

  1. a State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022;
    b College of Applied Chemistry and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230029
  • Received:2019-03-21 Revised:2019-04-23 Published:2019-05-06
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201903043 E-mail:jhcheng@ciac.ac.cn
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21672202) and the "Hundred Talent Program" of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Alkaline-earth metals continue to receive growing interest, as they are used as low-cost and non-toxic alternatives to transition-metals in various organic transformations. As ionic character and bond lengths increase along the row in the order Mg2+2+2+2+, bond energies decrease along the same row, the corresponding metal hydrides are apt to the formation of insoluble metal hydrides[AeH2] (Ae=Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba) through Schlenk equilibrium in solution. Recently, a series of alkaline-earth metal hydrides stabilized by suitable ligands were discovered and characterized, and stoichiometric and catalytic reactions with small molecules were studied as well. In this paper, the recent progress in molecular alkaline-earth metal hydrides is reviewed.

Key words: alkaline-earth metals, metal hydride, reactivity, research progress