化学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (4): 339-350.DOI: 10.6023/A16110592 上一篇    下一篇

综述

二维金属或共价有机骨架材料的制备及其化学与生物传感应用

杨涛a, 崔亚男a, 陈怀银b, 李伟华b   

  1. a 青岛科技大学化学与分子工程学院 青岛 266042;
    b 中国科学院海洋研究所海洋环境腐蚀与生物污损重点实验室 青岛 266071
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-09 出版日期:2017-04-15 发布日期:2017-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 李伟华,E-mail:ytlwh666@163.com;Tel.:0532-84022858;Fax:0532-84023927 E-mail:ytlwh666@163.com
  • 作者简介:杨涛,男,博士,硕士生导师,2006年获中国海洋大学理学博士学位,主要从事构建功能化纳米界面及其电化学应用.主持国家自然科学基金项目3项并完成国家自然科学基金项目1项,山东省博士基金项目1项.获山东省自然科学二等奖,青岛市自然科学一等奖,青岛市青年科技奖等.发表SCI论文80余篇,被SCI他引1500余次;崔亚男,女,现为青岛科技大学在读硕士研究生,分析化学专业,导师杨涛,主要研究方向为二维纳米材料界面在电化学方面的应用;陈怀银,男,1990年出生.硕士毕业于青岛科技大学杨涛课题组,主要研究方向为二维纳米材料在电化学传感领域的应用.现为中国科学院海洋研究所2016级在读博士生,导师为李伟华研究员,拟进行二维功能纳米材料在海洋腐蚀电化学方面的应用研究;李伟华,理学博士,海洋科学博士后,国家杰出青年基金获得者,现任中国科学院海洋研究所研究员、博士生导师,同济大学兼职教授,中国建筑学会防护与修复材料及应用技术专委会副主任等.致力于海洋工程腐蚀机理及绿色防护材料的研究,取得了理论研究和技术应用方面的多重突破.出版著作5部,发表SCI论文91篇,EI收录51篇,被SCI他引千余次;第一发明人授权发明专利26项;参编省部级标准10项.
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(Nos.21675092,41476083,21275084,51525903)、国家863计划(No.2015AA034404)和黄岛区海洋科技专项(No.2014-4-1)资助.

Controllable Preparation of Two Dimensional Metal- or Covalent Organic Frameworks for Chemical Sensing and Biosensing

Yang Taoa, Cui Yanana, Chen Huaiyinb, Li Weihuab   

  1. a College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042;
    b Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Corrosion and Bio-fouling, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071
  • Received:2016-11-09 Online:2017-04-15 Published:2017-01-18
  • Contact: 10.6023/A16110592 E-mail:ytlwh666@163.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 21675092, 41476083, 21275084, 51525903), 863 program (No. 2015AA034404) and Marine Science and Technology Projects of Huangdao District (No. 2014-4-1).

随着人们对以石墨烯为代表的二维(2D)纳米材料不断深入与扩展研究,近些年来,以2D金属有机骨架(metal-organic frameworks,MOFs)和共价有机骨架(covalent organic frameworks,COFs)为代表的2D骨架材料引起了人们浓厚的研究兴趣和广泛关注.与其它的中孔或微孔的纳米材料相比,这些有机骨架材料提供了均一的纳米尺寸的孔,并且相较于石墨烯,2D有机骨架材料可以预期性地设计和组装功能化的结构单元,如羧基、氨基、羟基等基团可以通过多样的化学反应人为可控地接枝到骨架上,这些优点有望使2D有机骨架材料成为新一代提高传感界面灵敏度和稳定性的功能材料.本篇综述分别对2D MOFs和COFs进行简单的概述,总结目前以“自下而上”和“自上而下”两种制备2D MOFs和COFs纳米材料的方法并对其做出简单的点评,介绍(2D)MOFs和COFs材料在化学传感和生物传感方面的应用,讨论了2D MOFs和COFs在传感应用中的潜质和关键性问题,并对未来2D MOFs和COFs的应用前景做出了展望.

关键词: 金属有机骨架, 共价有机骨架, 二维纳米材料, 传感, 荧光, 电化学

In recent years, with the continuously deep and expanded researches of two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials rep-resented by graphene, 2D framework materials represented by 2D metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have attracted great research interests and extensive attention. Compared with other mesoporous or mi-croporous nanomaterials, these organic framework materials provide uniformly nano-sized pores. And as compared to graphene, 2D organic framework materials can be expected to design and assemble the functionalized building units. For example, carboxyl group, amino group, hydroxyl group, etc. can be grafted onto the frameworks through various chemical reactions. These advantages are hopeful to make 2D organic framework materials a new generation of functional materials to improve the sensitivity and stability of the sensing interfaces. This review simply summarized 2D MOFs and COFs respectively, and generalized the current methods for preparing 2D MOFs and COFs nanomaterials based on "bottom-up" and "top-down" strategies and made simple comments. In addition, the applications of (2D) MOFs and COFs materials in chemical sensing and biosensing fields were introduced, and the potential and key problems of 2D MOFs and COFs in sensing applications were also discussed. And at last, this review gives some outlook for the future applications of 2D MOFs and COFs nanomaterials.

Key words: metal-organic frameworks, covalent organic frameworks, two-dimensional nanomaterials, sensing, fluorescence, electrochemistry