化学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 75 ›› Issue (10): 967-978.DOI: 10.6023/A17070302 上一篇    下一篇

综述

胶体光子晶体膜的超浸润性研究进展

崔丽影a, 范莎莎a, 于存龙a, 邝旻旻b, 王京霞b,c   

  1. a 吉林农业大学 资源与环境学院 长春 130118;
    b 中国科学院理化技术研究所 仿生材料与界面科学院重点实验室 北京 100190;
    c 中国科学院大学未来技术学院 仿生材料与界面教研室 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-05 出版日期:2017-10-15 发布日期:2017-09-06
  • 通讯作者: 王璟,E-mail:jingxiawang@mail.ipc.ac.cn;Tel.:010-82543510 E-mail:jingxiawang@mail.ipc.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:崔丽影,女,吉林农业大学实验师,硕士生导师.2009年在中国科学院化学研究所获得博士学位,师从宋延林研究员,研究方向为聚合物光子晶体的简单、大面积制备.2009~2012年在吉林大学超分子结构与材料国家重点实验室杨柏教授课题组做博士后研究,研究方向为基于微纳有序结构和高分子添加剂解决咖啡环问题.2013年至今,在吉林农业大学从事教学科研工作.目前在包括Chem.Commun.,ACS Appl.Mater.Inter.,Small等国际期刊发表研究论文30余篇;王京霞,女,中国科学院理化技术研究所研究员,博士生导师,中国科学院大学未来技术学院岗位教授.多年来聚焦在浸润性对光子晶体制备及应用性能研究.2004年1月毕业于清华大学高分子研究所,师从刘德山教授.2004年2月~2006年8月在中科院化学所有机固体实验室江雷研究员课题组做博士后研究,研究方向为聚合物光子晶体浸润性研究.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(Nos.51403076,51673207,51503214,51373183)资助.

Research Progress on the Super-wettability of Colloidal Photonic

Cui Liyinga, Fan Shashaa, Yu Cunlonga, Kuang Minxuanb, Wang Jingxiab,c   

  1. a College of Resources and Environment, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130118;
    b Laboratory of Bioinspired Materials and Interface Science, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190;
    c Laboratory of Bioinspired Materials, School of Future Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2017-07-05 Online:2017-10-15 Published:2017-09-06
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51403076, 51673207, 51503214, 51373183).

近年来,由于具有特殊浸润性的胶体光子晶体膜在传感、检测、催化等方面的重要应用,胶体光子晶体膜的超浸润研究受到科研工作者的广泛关注.本文阐述了包括超亲液、超疏液、两亲性、梯度浸润性、可调控浸润性、图案浸润性等具有特殊浸润性光子晶体膜的制备及其相关应用,并讨论疏水、超疏水和亲-疏图案不同浸润性基底对所制备胶体光子晶体膜的功能性及其相关应用的影响.该工作对于发展新型功能型材料器件的制备具有重要的借鉴及指导意义.

关键词: 特殊浸润性, 胶体光子晶体, 制备, 功能性, 应用

In recent years, the wettability of colloidal PCs has attracted much interest from researchers due to potential applications in printing, sensor, microfluidics and so on. In this paper, we present two kinds of research work related to PCs' wettability. On the one hand, the functional colloidal PCs have been fabricated from the modification of its wettability. Where, the wettability of PCs can be modified from superhydrophilic, superhydrophobic, amphiphilic, gradient wettability, controllable wettability and patterned wettability. Wettability is an important property of solid surface and can be generally controlled mainly by its surface chemical composition and surface topographic structure. Surface chemical composition determines surface free energy (i.e., hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity), while the surface topographic structure can amplify hydrophilicity or hydrophobicity, based on the Wenzel and modified Cassie equation. Thus, PCs with specific wettability have been fabricated based on their intrinsic, well-ordered surface topographic structure, and chemical composition. The superhydrophilic and superhydrophobic PCs have been achieved based on the amplification effect of the surface well-ordered topographic structure. The gradient PCs have been fabricated by changing the topographic structure. The PCs with controllable wettability can be obtained when introducing a responsive group onto PCs' surface. The underwater oil-adhesion properties of PCs have been controlled by varying the latex from spherical or cauliflower-like to single cavity. On the other hand, functional PCs are fabricated from the substrate with specific wettability. Typically, high-quality and crack free PCs are achieved from superhydrophobic substrate, pattern PCs from the hydrophilic-hydrophobic substrate, PC dome with excellent wide-angle property is fabricated from hydrophobic substrate. Otherwise, gas-liquid or liquid-liquid interface has also been included as a special substrate for the fabrication of functional PCs, such as flower-shape or cake-shaped Janus PCs. Colloidal photonic crystals (PCs), the periodic arrangement of monodispersed latex spheres, have attracted much interest from researchers due to their unique light manipulation properties. The combination of the special wettability and light manipulation properties of PCs will bring many novel properties and promising applications. Finally, the outlook and challenges for colloidal photonic crystals with special wettability are discussed. The work is of importance for the creation of novel functional materials.

Key words: special wettability, colloidal photonic crystals, preparation, functionality, applications